An overview of environmental indicators ; state of the art and perspectives

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10029/10006
Title:
An overview of environmental indicators ; state of the art and perspectives
Authors:
Bakkes JA; Born GJ van den; Helder JC; Swart RJ; Hope CW; Parker JDE
Other Titles:
[Een overzicht van milieu-indicatoren: stand van de wetenschap; perspectieven.]
Abstract:
Work on indicators is critically reviewed, focusing on a number of key issues ; air and water pollution ; natural resources and biodiversity ; climate change ; ozone depletion ; public health; demography ; production ; consumption ; and technology ; waste ; and costs of environmental protection measures. Indicators have an added significance as compared to the underlying statistics and are tied to a specific purpose. For simplicity the number of indicators can be reduced by aggregating them into an index. A conceptual framework is proposed for the selection, development and analysis of indicators. This framework comprises three interrelated sub-systems: the human population ; production, consumption and technology ; and the environment. An integrated analyses of the state of the environment requires indicators that capture not only the quality of the environment, but also the forces that change the environment, and the responses to these changes by human society. These crucial interactions can be better understood if a conceptual or computational modelling framework is developed and used. The characteristics of indicator systems have been determined mainly by the producers of the information rather than by its users. Furthermore, the present sets of environmental indicators have been mainly selected by the industrialized countries, for their own needs. Indicators should be developed according to their envisaged applications. These applications include early warning and evaluation of policy performance. As countries develop, priorities shift over time, requiring adjustments of indicator systems. The reliability of indicators is mainly determined by the reliability of the underlying statistics and raw data. Harmonization of definitions and measurements methods and the development of standards should be further pursued.
Other Contributors:
Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieuhygiene RIVM; University of Cambridge
Affiliation:
ISC; MTV; Cambridge Universiteit Engeland
Publisher:
Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu RIVM
Issue Date:
30-Jun-1994
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10029/10006
Additional Links:
http://www.rivm.nl/bibliotheek/rapporten/402001001.html
Language:
en
Series/Report no.:
RIVM Rapport 402001001; Environment Assessment Technical Reports; UNEP/EATR. 94-01
Appears in Collections:
RIVM reports - old archive

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorBakkes JAen_US
dc.contributor.authorBorn GJ van denen_US
dc.contributor.authorHelder JCen_US
dc.contributor.authorSwart RJen_US
dc.contributor.authorHope CWen_US
dc.contributor.authorParker JDEen_US
dc.contributor.otherRijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieuhygiene RIVM; University of Cambridgeen_US
dc.date.accessioned2007-03-09T15:58:06Z-
dc.date.available2007-03-09T15:58:06Z-
dc.date.issued1994-06-30en_US
dc.identifier402001001en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10029/10006-
dc.description.abstractWork on indicators is critically reviewed, focusing on a number of key issues ; air and water pollution ; natural resources and biodiversity ; climate change ; ozone depletion ; public health; demography ; production ; consumption ; and technology ; waste ; and costs of environmental protection measures. Indicators have an added significance as compared to the underlying statistics and are tied to a specific purpose. For simplicity the number of indicators can be reduced by aggregating them into an index. A conceptual framework is proposed for the selection, development and analysis of indicators. This framework comprises three interrelated sub-systems: the human population ; production, consumption and technology ; and the environment. An integrated analyses of the state of the environment requires indicators that capture not only the quality of the environment, but also the forces that change the environment, and the responses to these changes by human society. These crucial interactions can be better understood if a conceptual or computational modelling framework is developed and used. The characteristics of indicator systems have been determined mainly by the producers of the information rather than by its users. Furthermore, the present sets of environmental indicators have been mainly selected by the industrialized countries, for their own needs. Indicators should be developed according to their envisaged applications. These applications include early warning and evaluation of policy performance. As countries develop, priorities shift over time, requiring adjustments of indicator systems. The reliability of indicators is mainly determined by the reliability of the underlying statistics and raw data. Harmonization of definitions and measurements methods and the development of standards should be further pursued.en
dc.format.extent12113000 bytesen_US
dc.format.extent12403325 bytes-
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf-
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherRijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu RIVMen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesRIVM Rapport 402001001en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesEnvironment Assessment Technical Reportsen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesUNEP/EATR. 94-01en_US
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.rivm.nl/bibliotheek/rapporten/402001001.htmlen_US
dc.subject.otherresearchen
dc.subject.otherenvironmenten
dc.subject.otherindicatorsen
dc.subject.otherinventoryen
dc.subject.otheranalysisen
dc.subject.otherinformationen
dc.subject.otherglobalen
dc.subject.othermodellingen
dc.subject.otherdata processingen
dc.subject.otherstatisticsen
dc.subject.otherintegratieen
dc.subject.othermilieuverkenningen
dc.subject.otheronderzoeknl
dc.subject.othermilieunl
dc.subject.otherindicatorennl
dc.subject.otherinventarisatienl
dc.subject.otheranalysenl
dc.subject.otherinformatienl
dc.subject.othermondiaalnl
dc.subject.otherwiskundig modelnl
dc.subject.otherstatistieknl
dc.titleAn overview of environmental indicators ; state of the art and perspectivesen_US
dc.title.alternative[Een overzicht van milieu-indicatoren: stand van de wetenschap; perspectieven.]en_US
dc.contributor.departmentISCen_US
dc.contributor.departmentMTVen_US
dc.contributor.departmentCambridge Universiteit Engelanden_US
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