ALTERNATIEVEN ONDER SCHOT. Een vergelijking tussen bismut, ijzer, zink en lood bij jacht en sportvisserij

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10029/10296
Title:
ALTERNATIEVEN ONDER SCHOT. Een vergelijking tussen bismut, ijzer, zink en lood bij jacht en sportvisserij
Authors:
Booij H; Hoop MAGT van den; Janus JA; Loos B
Other Titles:
[Alternatives for lead shot. A comparison between bismuth, iron, zinc and lead used in hunting and sport fishing.]
Abstract:
This report evaluates lead and alternatives for this metal in hunting, shooting-sports and sport fishing. In the Netherlands the use of lead shot has been banned by the government since February 1 1993. Alternatives are bismuth, iron (steel), zinc and wolfram shot, now for sale in the Netherlands. The report includes data on physicochemical and shooting properties of the shot, world supplies, behaviour in the environment and future emissions. The effect on levels in soil (estimates of the increase in background levels), human toxicity (including tolerable daily intakes) and ecotoxicity (including maximum tolerable concentrations). Although wolfram shot is available, its future use of shot will be very limited because of the high price (compared to bismuth, iron and zinc shot) and the poor shooting properties. Therefore no further research has been done on this metal. On basis of the environmental treated aspects (risk to human beings and the environment), management of natural resources and the calculated yearly increase of the soil load in comparison with the background concentration the use of iron in shot was found highly preferable as well for shot as for hunting, shooting-sports as for sport fishing. Of the other two alternatives, the use of zinc in shot is preferable to bismuth.
Publisher:
Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu RIVM
Issue Date:
30-Sep-1993
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10029/10296
Additional Links:
http://www.rivm.nl/bibliotheek/rapporten/710401026.html
Language:
nl
Series/Report no.:
RIVM Rapport 710401026
Appears in Collections:
RIVM reports - old archive

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorBooij Hen_US
dc.contributor.authorHoop MAGT van denen_US
dc.contributor.authorJanus JAen_US
dc.contributor.authorLoos Ben_US
dc.date.accessioned2007-03-09T17:01:04Z-
dc.date.available2007-03-09T17:01:04Z-
dc.date.issued1993-09-30en_US
dc.identifier710401026en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10029/10296-
dc.description.abstractThis report evaluates lead and alternatives for this metal in hunting, shooting-sports and sport fishing. In the Netherlands the use of lead shot has been banned by the government since February 1 1993. Alternatives are bismuth, iron (steel), zinc and wolfram shot, now for sale in the Netherlands. The report includes data on physicochemical and shooting properties of the shot, world supplies, behaviour in the environment and future emissions. The effect on levels in soil (estimates of the increase in background levels), human toxicity (including tolerable daily intakes) and ecotoxicity (including maximum tolerable concentrations). Although wolfram shot is available, its future use of shot will be very limited because of the high price (compared to bismuth, iron and zinc shot) and the poor shooting properties. Therefore no further research has been done on this metal. On basis of the environmental treated aspects (risk to human beings and the environment), management of natural resources and the calculated yearly increase of the soil load in comparison with the background concentration the use of iron in shot was found highly preferable as well for shot as for hunting, shooting-sports as for sport fishing. Of the other two alternatives, the use of zinc in shot is preferable to bismuth.en
dc.format.extent2356000 bytesen_US
dc.format.extent2411695 bytes-
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf-
dc.language.isonlen_US
dc.publisherRijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu RIVMen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesRIVM Rapport 710401026en_US
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.rivm.nl/bibliotheek/rapporten/710401026.htmlen_US
dc.subject.otheralternatievenen
dc.subject.otherbismuten
dc.subject.otherzinken
dc.subject.otherijzeren
dc.subject.otherlooden
dc.subject.otherhagelen
dc.subject.otherjachten
dc.subject.othersportvisserij; alternativesen
dc.subject.otherbismuthen
dc.subject.otherzincen
dc.subject.otherironen
dc.subject.otherleaden
dc.subject.otherhuntingen
dc.subject.othersportsfishingen
dc.subject.othershot; sport fishingen
dc.titleALTERNATIEVEN ONDER SCHOT. Een vergelijking tussen bismut, ijzer, zink en lood bij jacht en sportvisserijen_US
dc.title.alternative[Alternatives for lead shot. A comparison between bismuth, iron, zinc and lead used in hunting and sport fishing.]en_US
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