Risks of potential accidents of nuclear power plants in Europe

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10029/10489
Title:
Risks of potential accidents of nuclear power plants in Europe
Authors:
Slaper H; Eggink GJ; Blaauboer RO
Other Titles:
[Risico's van potentiele ongevallen van kerncentrales in Europa.]
Abstract:
Over 200 nuclear power plants for commercial electricity production are presently operational in Europe. The 1986 accident with the nuclear power plant in Chernobyl has shown that severe accidents with a nuclear power plant can lead to a large scale contamination of Europe. This report is focussed on an integrated assessment of probabilistic cancer mortality risks due to possible accidental releases from the European nuclear power plants. For each of the European nuclear power plants the probability of accidental releases per year of operation is combined with the consequences in terms of the excess doses received over a lifetime (70 years). Risk estimates are restricted to cancer mortality and do not include immediate or short term deaths in the direct vicinity (< 5-10 km) of the plants. Countermeasures to reduce radiation doses are not considered. Location specific risks are presented in maps of Europe. The excess mortality risk due to the combined operation of the European nuclear power plants is estimated to be about 10 x 10-8 per year in Western Europe. Going East the risks increase gradually to over 1000 x 10-8 per year in regions of the former Soviet Union, where reactors of the Chernobyl type are located. The nuclear power plants in the East European countries dominate the estimated risk pattern and contribute at least 40-50% to the average risk in the West European countries. Improving the reactor safety in eastern European countries could lead to considerable reductions in estimated excess mortality risks. In western Europe the mortality risk might be reduced by a factor of two, and in eastern Europe by a factor of 100 to 1000.
Publisher:
Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu RIVM
Issue Date:
31-Dec-1993
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10029/10489
Additional Links:
http://www.rivm.nl/bibliotheek/rapporten/743030001.html
Language:
en
Series/Report no.:
RIVM Rapport 743030001
Appears in Collections:
RIVM reports - old archive

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorSlaper Hen_US
dc.contributor.authorEggink GJen_US
dc.contributor.authorBlaauboer ROen_US
dc.date.accessioned2007-03-09T17:22:59Z-
dc.date.available2007-03-09T17:22:59Z-
dc.date.issued1993-12-31en_US
dc.identifier743030001en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10029/10489-
dc.description.abstractOver 200 nuclear power plants for commercial electricity production are presently operational in Europe. The 1986 accident with the nuclear power plant in Chernobyl has shown that severe accidents with a nuclear power plant can lead to a large scale contamination of Europe. This report is focussed on an integrated assessment of probabilistic cancer mortality risks due to possible accidental releases from the European nuclear power plants. For each of the European nuclear power plants the probability of accidental releases per year of operation is combined with the consequences in terms of the excess doses received over a lifetime (70 years). Risk estimates are restricted to cancer mortality and do not include immediate or short term deaths in the direct vicinity (< 5-10 km) of the plants. Countermeasures to reduce radiation doses are not considered. Location specific risks are presented in maps of Europe. The excess mortality risk due to the combined operation of the European nuclear power plants is estimated to be about 10 x 10-8 per year in Western Europe. Going East the risks increase gradually to over 1000 x 10-8 per year in regions of the former Soviet Union, where reactors of the Chernobyl type are located. The nuclear power plants in the East European countries dominate the estimated risk pattern and contribute at least 40-50% to the average risk in the West European countries. Improving the reactor safety in eastern European countries could lead to considerable reductions in estimated excess mortality risks. In western Europe the mortality risk might be reduced by a factor of two, and in eastern Europe by a factor of 100 to 1000.en
dc.format.extent1430000 bytesen_US
dc.format.extent1464001 bytes-
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf-
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherRijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu RIVMen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesRIVM Rapport 743030001en_US
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.rivm.nl/bibliotheek/rapporten/743030001.htmlen_US
dc.subject.othernuclear energyen
dc.subject.otherpower plantsen
dc.subject.otheraccidentsen
dc.subject.otherrisk analysisen
dc.subject.otherradioactivityen
dc.subject.otherexposureen
dc.subject.otheremissionen
dc.subject.otherhealthen
dc.subject.otherpopulationen
dc.subject.othereuropeen
dc.subject.otherelektriciteitscentralenl
dc.subject.otherkernenergienl
dc.subject.otherongevalnl
dc.subject.otherrisiconl
dc.subject.otheranalysenl
dc.subject.otherradioactiviteitnl
dc.subject.otherblootstellingnl
dc.subject.otheremissienl
dc.subject.othergezondheidnl
dc.subject.otherbevolkingnl
dc.subject.othereuropanl
dc.titleRisks of potential accidents of nuclear power plants in Europeen_US
dc.title.alternative[Risico's van potentiele ongevallen van kerncentrales in Europa.]en_US
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