Risks of potential accidents of nuclear power plants in Europe

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10029/256299
Title:
Risks of potential accidents of nuclear power plants in Europe
Authors:
Slaper H; Eggink GJ; Blaauboer RO
Other Titles:
[Risico's van potentiele ongevallen van kerncentrales in Europa.]
Abstract:
Over 200 nuclear power plants for commercial electricity production are presently operational in Europe. The 1986 accident with the nuclear power plant in Chernobyl has shown that severe accidents with a nuclear power plant can lead to a large scale contamination of Europe. This report is focussed on an integrated assessment of probabilistic cancer mortality risks due to possible accidental releases from the European nuclear power plants. For each of the European nuclear power plants the probability of accidental releases per year of operation is combined with the consequences in terms of the excess doses received over a lifetime (70 years). Risk estimates are restricted to cancer mortality and do not include immediate or short term deaths in the direct vicinity (< 5-10 km) of the plants. Countermeasures to reduce radiation doses are not considered. Location specific risks are presented in maps of Europe. The excess mortality risk due to the combined operation of the European nuclear power plants is estimated to be about 10 x 10-8 per year in Western Europe. Going East the risks increase gradually to over 1000 x 10-8 per year in regions of the former Soviet Union, where reactors of the Chernobyl type are located. The nuclear power plants in the East European countries dominate the estimated risk pattern and contribute at least 40-50% to the average risk in the West European countries. Improving the reactor safety in eastern European countries could lead to considerable reductions in estimated excess mortality risks. In western Europe the mortality risk might be reduced by a factor of two, and in eastern Europe by a factor of 100 to 1000.<br>
Publisher:
Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu RIVM
Issue Date:
31-Dec-1993
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10029/256299
Additional Links:
http://www.rivm.nl/bibliotheek/rapporten/743030001.html; http://www.rivm.nl/bibliotheek/rapporten/743030001.pdf
Type:
Onderzoeksrapport
Language:
en
Sponsors:
DGM/SVS
Appears in Collections:
RIVM official reports

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorSlaper H-
dc.contributor.authorEggink GJ-
dc.contributor.authorBlaauboer RO-
dc.date.accessioned2012-12-12T13:46:12Z-
dc.date.available2012-12-12T13:46:12Z-
dc.date.issued1993-12-31-
dc.identifier743030001-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10029/256299-
dc.description.abstractOver 200 nuclear power plants for commercial electricity production are presently operational in Europe. The 1986 accident with the nuclear power plant in Chernobyl has shown that severe accidents with a nuclear power plant can lead to a large scale contamination of Europe. This report is focussed on an integrated assessment of probabilistic cancer mortality risks due to possible accidental releases from the European nuclear power plants. For each of the European nuclear power plants the probability of accidental releases per year of operation is combined with the consequences in terms of the excess doses received over a lifetime (70 years). Risk estimates are restricted to cancer mortality and do not include immediate or short term deaths in the direct vicinity (< 5-10 km) of the plants. Countermeasures to reduce radiation doses are not considered. Location specific risks are presented in maps of Europe. The excess mortality risk due to the combined operation of the European nuclear power plants is estimated to be about 10 x 10-8 per year in Western Europe. Going East the risks increase gradually to over 1000 x 10-8 per year in regions of the former Soviet Union, where reactors of the Chernobyl type are located. The nuclear power plants in the East European countries dominate the estimated risk pattern and contribute at least 40-50% to the average risk in the West European countries. Improving the reactor safety in eastern European countries could lead to considerable reductions in estimated excess mortality risks. In western Europe the mortality risk might be reduced by a factor of two, and in eastern Europe by a factor of 100 to 1000.<br>en
dc.description.sponsorshipDGM/SVS-
dc.formatapplication/pdf-
dc.format.extent27 p-
dc.format.extent1430 kb-
dc.language.isoen-
dc.publisherRijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu RIVM-
dc.relation.ispartofRIVM Rapport 743030001-
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.rivm.nl/bibliotheek/rapporten/743030001.html-
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.rivm.nl/bibliotheek/rapporten/743030001.pdf-
dc.subject16nl
dc.subjectelektriciteitscentralenl
dc.subjectkernenergienl
dc.subjectongevalnl
dc.subjectrisiconl
dc.subjectanalysenl
dc.subjectradioactiviteitnl
dc.subjectblootstellingnl
dc.subjectemissienl
dc.subjectgezondheidnl
dc.subjectbevolkingnl
dc.subjecteuropanl
dc.subjectnuclear energyen
dc.subjectpower plantsen
dc.subjectaccidentsen
dc.subjectrisk analysisen
dc.subjectradioactivityen
dc.subjectexposureen
dc.subjectemissionen
dc.subjecthealthen
dc.subjectpopulationen
dc.subjecteuropeen
dc.titleRisks of potential accidents of nuclear power plants in Europeen
dc.title.alternative[Risico's van potentiele ongevallen van kerncentrales in Europa.]nl
dc.typeOnderzoeksrapport-
dc.date.updated2012-12-12T13:46:13Z-
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