2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10029/256341
Title:
Brood-Gehalte aan kwik, lood en cadmium
Authors:
Vaessen HAMG; Ooik A van; Loon JW van; Tolsma K
Other Titles:
Bread-Mercury, lead and cadmium content
Abstract:
Abstract niet beschikbaar

Mercury, lead and cadmium have been determined in 108 samples of bread which reflect the Dutch bread consumption in March 1988. The samples were collected from retail outlets predominantly located in the province of Utrecht. Quality assurance included replicate analyses of samples and analyses of standard reference materials for all three elements. Precision and accuracy were adequate. Mean level (N=108) for mercury in bread is 0.8 mu/kg, for lead 33 mug/kg and for cadmium 30 mug/kg. The mercury content of the samples ranges from 0.3 - 1.7 mug/kg, for lead from 18-184 mug/kg and for cadmium from 11 - 76 mug/kg. The mercury, lead and cadmium content of the bread types examined differ only slightly. The higher level of lead in currantbread versus other bread types is striking! The daily oral intake of toxic elements in the Netherlands by males and females aged 22 years and on is - on average - 1,0 mug for average for 9% to the mercury intake whereas for lead and cadmium these figures are respectively 13% and 34%. For males the corresponding figures are 13% for mercury, 19% for lead and 49% for cadmium.
Issue Date:
30-Nov-1991
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10029/256341
Additional Links:
http://www.rivm.nl/bibliotheek/rapporten/389102001.html
Type:
Onderzoeksrapport
Language:
nl
Sponsors:
HIGB
Appears in Collections:
RIVM official reports

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorVaessen HAMG-
dc.contributor.authorOoik A van-
dc.contributor.authorLoon JW van-
dc.contributor.authorTolsma K-
dc.date.accessioned2012-12-12T13:53:02Z-
dc.date.available2012-12-12T13:53:02Z-
dc.date.issued1991-11-30-
dc.identifier389102001-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10029/256341-
dc.description.abstractAbstract niet beschikbaarnl
dc.description.abstractMercury, lead and cadmium have been determined in 108 samples of bread which reflect the Dutch bread consumption in March 1988. The samples were collected from retail outlets predominantly located in the province of Utrecht. Quality assurance included replicate analyses of samples and analyses of standard reference materials for all three elements. Precision and accuracy were adequate. Mean level (N=108) for mercury in bread is 0.8 mu/kg, for lead 33 mug/kg and for cadmium 30 mug/kg. The mercury content of the samples ranges from 0.3 - 1.7 mug/kg, for lead from 18-184 mug/kg and for cadmium from 11 - 76 mug/kg. The mercury, lead and cadmium content of the bread types examined differ only slightly. The higher level of lead in currantbread versus other bread types is striking! The daily oral intake of toxic elements in the Netherlands by males and females aged 22 years and on is - on average - 1,0 mug for average for 9% to the mercury intake whereas for lead and cadmium these figures are respectively 13% and 34%. For males the corresponding figures are 13% for mercury, 19% for lead and 49% for cadmium.en
dc.description.sponsorshipHIGB-
dc.format.extent20 p-
dc.language.isonl-
dc.relation.ispartofRIVM Rapport 389102001-
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.rivm.nl/bibliotheek/rapporten/389102001.html-
dc.subject09nl
dc.subject91-4nl
dc.subjectbroodnl
dc.subjectvoedingnl
dc.subjectloodnl
dc.subjectkwiknl
dc.subjectcadmiumnl
dc.subjectcontaminantnl
dc.subjectbewaking; analysenl
dc.subjectreferentiematerialennl
dc.subjectkwaliteitsborgingnl
dc.subjectbreadnl
dc.subjectdietnl
dc.subjectlead; mercurynl
dc.subjectcadmiumnl
dc.subjectcontaminantnl
dc.subjectsurveillancenl
dc.subjectanalysisnl
dc.subjectreference materialsnl
dc.subjectquality assurancenl
dc.titleBrood-Gehalte aan kwik, lood en cadmiumnl
dc.title.alternativeBread-Mercury, lead and cadmium contenten
dc.typeOnderzoeksrapport-
dc.date.updated2012-12-12T13:53:03Z-
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