Aluminium in Drinkwater: voorkomen, herkomst en gezondheidsaspecten

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10029/256521
Title:
Aluminium in Drinkwater: voorkomen, herkomst en gezondheidsaspecten
Authors:
Versteegh JFM; de Boer JLM; van den Velde-Koerts T
Other Titles:
Aluminium in drinking water: occurrence, source and health aspects
Abstract:
Aluminium can occur in drinking water because of the application of aluminium salts as a coagulant in the treatment of drinking water. In the Netherlands mostly iron salts are used instead of aluminium. Besides this aluminium can be present in the source for drinking water. In shallow groundwater high levels have been found probably related to acidification, which is an environmental problem. Aluminium can cause neurological diseases in patients who are on chronic haemodialysis because of renal disfunction. A few epidemiological surveys have suggested a relation between Alzheimer's disease and the presence of aluminium in drinking water in Norway and in Great Britain. This report describes the results of a survey into the occurrence of aluminium in purified drinking water, filtered and non-filtered raw water. In the survey 40 drinking water treatment facilities were involved. In drinking water the aluminium concentration varied between < 0.8 and 157 mug/l, while in 12% of the samples the level exceeded 30 mug/l (at this level the health authorities have to be warned because of haemodialysis patients). The EC-standard which is 200 mug/l was not exceeded. In general the aluminium levels in 1991, were not increased in comparison with the data from 1983; however there were a few exceptions. At the present level of knowledge on the health aspects of aluminium the measured concentrations give no reason to except effects on public health. The measured concentrations in raw groundwater (mixed water from a production site) do not show aluminium to be a threat for the drinking water sources at the moment At only three production sites aluminium levels in the raw groundwater were high which seems to be an effect of acidification. Data from individual wells have to be analysed to estimate the risk of acidification for the production of drinking water.<br>
Publisher:
Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu RIVM
Issue Date:
31-Mar-1992
Additional Links:
http://www.rivm.nl/bibliotheek/rapporten/714301005.html
Type:
Onderzoeksrapport
Language:
nl
Sponsors:
DGM/HDM-DWL
Appears in Collections:
RIVM official reports

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorVersteegh JFM-
dc.contributor.authorde Boer JLM-
dc.contributor.authorvan den Velde-Koerts T-
dc.date.accessioned2013-06-13T21:34:53-
dc.date.issued1992-03-31-
dc.identifier714301005-
dc.description.abstractAluminium can occur in drinking water because of the application of aluminium salts as a coagulant in the treatment of drinking water. In the Netherlands mostly iron salts are used instead of aluminium. Besides this aluminium can be present in the source for drinking water. In shallow groundwater high levels have been found probably related to acidification, which is an environmental problem. Aluminium can cause neurological diseases in patients who are on chronic haemodialysis because of renal disfunction. A few epidemiological surveys have suggested a relation between Alzheimer's disease and the presence of aluminium in drinking water in Norway and in Great Britain. This report describes the results of a survey into the occurrence of aluminium in purified drinking water, filtered and non-filtered raw water. In the survey 40 drinking water treatment facilities were involved. In drinking water the aluminium concentration varied between < 0.8 and 157 mug/l, while in 12% of the samples the level exceeded 30 mug/l (at this level the health authorities have to be warned because of haemodialysis patients). The EC-standard which is 200 mug/l was not exceeded. In general the aluminium levels in 1991, were not increased in comparison with the data from 1983; however there were a few exceptions. At the present level of knowledge on the health aspects of aluminium the measured concentrations give no reason to except effects on public health. The measured concentrations in raw groundwater (mixed water from a production site) do not show aluminium to be a threat for the drinking water sources at the moment At only three production sites aluminium levels in the raw groundwater were high which seems to be an effect of acidification. Data from individual wells have to be analysed to estimate the risk of acidification for the production of drinking water.<br>en
dc.description.sponsorshipDGM/HDM-DWL-
dc.format.extent56 p-
dc.language.isonl-
dc.publisherRijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu RIVM-
dc.relation.ispartofRIVM Rapport 714301005-
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.rivm.nl/bibliotheek/rapporten/714301005.html-
dc.subject14nl
dc.subjectdrinkwaternl
dc.subjectgrondwaternl
dc.subjectaluminiumnl
dc.subjectbronnennl
dc.subjecteffectennl
dc.subjectgezondheidnl
dc.subjectanalysenl
dc.subjectziekte van alzheimernl
dc.subject92-1nl
dc.subjectverzuringnl
dc.subjectalzheimernl
dc.subjectgrondwaternl
dc.subjectanalysenl
dc.subjectziekte van alzheimernl
dc.subjectacidificationnl
dc.subjectgroundwaternl
dc.subjectanalysisnl
dc.subjectdrinking wateren
dc.subjectgroundwateren
dc.subjectaluminiumen
dc.subjectsourcesen
dc.subjecthealth effectsen
dc.subjectanalysisen
dc.subjectalzheimers diseaseen
dc.titleAluminium in Drinkwater: voorkomen, herkomst en gezondheidsaspectennl
dc.title.alternativeAluminium in drinking water: occurrence, source and health aspectsen
dc.typeOnderzoeksrapport-
dc.date.updated2013-06-13T19:34:56Z-
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