Exposure-effect relations between aircraft and road traffic noise exposure at school and reading comprehension: the RANCH project.

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10029/4907
Title:
Exposure-effect relations between aircraft and road traffic noise exposure at school and reading comprehension: the RANCH project.
Authors:
Clark, Charlotte; Martin, Rocio; Kempen, Elise van; Alfred, Tamuno; Head, Jenny; Davies, Hugh W; Haines, Mary M; Lopez Barrio, Isabel; Matheson, Mark; Stansfeld, Stephen A
Abstract:
Transport noise is an increasingly prominent feature of the urban environment, making noise pollution an important environmental public health issue. This paper reports on the 2001-2003 RANCH project, the first cross-national epidemiologic study known to examine exposure-effect relations between aircraft and road traffic noise exposure and reading comprehension. Participants were 2,010 children aged 9-10 years from 89 schools around Amsterdam Schiphol, Madrid Barajas, and London Heathrow airports. Data from The Netherlands, Spain, and the United Kingdom were pooled and analyzed using multilevel modeling. Aircraft noise exposure at school was linearly associated with impaired reading comprehension; the association was maintained after adjustment for socioeconomic variables (beta = -0.008, p = 0.012), aircraft noise annoyance, and other cognitive abilities (episodic memory, working memory, and sustained attention). Aircraft noise exposure at home was highly correlated with aircraft noise exposure at school and demonstrated a similar linear association with impaired reading comprehension. Road traffic noise exposure at school was not associated with reading comprehension in either the absence or the presence of aircraft noise (beta = 0.003, p = 0.509; beta = 0.002, p = 0.540, respectively). Findings were consistent across the three countries, which varied with respect to a range of socioeconomic and environmental variables, thus offering robust evidence of a direct exposure-effect relation between aircraft noise and reading comprehension.
Citation:
Am. J. Epidemiol. 2006, 163(1):27-37
Issue Date:
1-Jan-2006
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10029/4907
DOI:
10.1093/aje/kwj001
PubMed ID:
16306314
Type:
Article
Language:
en
ISSN:
0002-9262
Appears in Collections:
Environment

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorClark, Charlotte-
dc.contributor.authorMartin, Rocio-
dc.contributor.authorKempen, Elise van-
dc.contributor.authorAlfred, Tamuno-
dc.contributor.authorHead, Jenny-
dc.contributor.authorDavies, Hugh W-
dc.contributor.authorHaines, Mary M-
dc.contributor.authorLopez Barrio, Isabel-
dc.contributor.authorMatheson, Mark-
dc.contributor.authorStansfeld, Stephen A-
dc.date.accessioned2006-10-06T08:41:52Z-
dc.date.available2006-10-06T08:41:52Z-
dc.date.issued2006-01-01-
dc.identifier.citationAm. J. Epidemiol. 2006, 163(1):27-37en
dc.identifier.issn0002-9262-
dc.identifier.pmid16306314-
dc.identifier.doi10.1093/aje/kwj001-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10029/4907-
dc.description.abstractTransport noise is an increasingly prominent feature of the urban environment, making noise pollution an important environmental public health issue. This paper reports on the 2001-2003 RANCH project, the first cross-national epidemiologic study known to examine exposure-effect relations between aircraft and road traffic noise exposure and reading comprehension. Participants were 2,010 children aged 9-10 years from 89 schools around Amsterdam Schiphol, Madrid Barajas, and London Heathrow airports. Data from The Netherlands, Spain, and the United Kingdom were pooled and analyzed using multilevel modeling. Aircraft noise exposure at school was linearly associated with impaired reading comprehension; the association was maintained after adjustment for socioeconomic variables (beta = -0.008, p = 0.012), aircraft noise annoyance, and other cognitive abilities (episodic memory, working memory, and sustained attention). Aircraft noise exposure at home was highly correlated with aircraft noise exposure at school and demonstrated a similar linear association with impaired reading comprehension. Road traffic noise exposure at school was not associated with reading comprehension in either the absence or the presence of aircraft noise (beta = 0.003, p = 0.509; beta = 0.002, p = 0.540, respectively). Findings were consistent across the three countries, which varied with respect to a range of socioeconomic and environmental variables, thus offering robust evidence of a direct exposure-effect relation between aircraft noise and reading comprehension.en
dc.format.extent126320 bytes-
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf-
dc.language.isoenen
dc.titleExposure-effect relations between aircraft and road traffic noise exposure at school and reading comprehension: the RANCH project.en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.format.digYES-

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