Value of decomposition figures in emission reduction policy analysis at international level - Report of a traineeship at RIVM

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10029/9113
Title:
Value of decomposition figures in emission reduction policy analysis at international level - Report of a traineeship at RIVM
Authors:
Kerkhof AC
Other Titles:
Bruikbaarheid van decompositie-diagrammen bij internationale beleidsevaluatie
Abstract:
Decomposition analysis is a method for dis-entangling the different key-factors that determine temporal changes in emission levels. It is a 'top-down' method starting from general available statistical data. This report explores the role decomposition diagrams can play in national and international policy analysis and evaluation. For this purpose a case study has been performed. The case study concerns the reduction of NOx emissions from combustion plants in industries in the Netherlands and Belgium in the 1985-1999 period. NOx emission reduction policies have been studied and linked with the effect of NOx emission abatement that is the technique effect in the decomposition analysis. Policy instrument characteristics have been used to describe the likely effect of studied instruments. The case study shows that observed changes in the NOx-technique effect in the Netherlands could be closely linked to specific policy events, such as the introduction and stepwise further improvement of the Dutch Decree on emission limits for large combustion plants (BEES). Hardly any technique effect was observed in Belgium in the period 1985-1999. On the condition that monitoring results of Belgium are reliable, this implies that no clear technical improvement in emission abatement of NOx has occurred in this period in industrial combustion plants in Belgium. This may be explained by the less ambitious emission regulation in Belgium i.e. emission standards are less stringent and the scope of action of the national regulation is more confined (less installations are regulated). One of the most important conclusions of the case study is that decomposition analysis can play an important role in policy analysis. On the one hand, decomposition figures may confirm expected changes in emissions, and in doing so, underpin the results of policy analysis. On the other hand, changes observed in decomposition figures may indicate changes in policies, and in doing so, direct policy analysis. Finally, it may be concluded from the case study that the use of decomposition figures alone already gives a fair idea about the overall effectiveness of NOx emission reduction policies in different countries. A broad-based and in-depth study as performed in this study produces more detailed knowledge but also requires much more effort. This time-consuming aspect has to be taken into account when considering and planning these kind of studies.
Affiliation:
KMD
Publisher:
Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu RIVM
Issue Date:
24-Oct-2003
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10029/9113
Additional Links:
http://www.rivm.nl/bibliotheek/rapporten/773301003.html
Language:
en
Series/Report no.:
RIVM rapport 773301003
Appears in Collections:
RIVM reports - old archive

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorKerkhof ACen_US
dc.date.accessioned2007-02-23T15:53:48Z-
dc.date.available2007-02-23T15:53:48Z-
dc.date.issued2003-10-24en_US
dc.identifier773301003en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10029/9113-
dc.description.abstractDecomposition analysis is a method for dis-entangling the different key-factors that determine temporal changes in emission levels. It is a 'top-down' method starting from general available statistical data. This report explores the role decomposition diagrams can play in national and international policy analysis and evaluation. For this purpose a case study has been performed. The case study concerns the reduction of NOx emissions from combustion plants in industries in the Netherlands and Belgium in the 1985-1999 period. NOx emission reduction policies have been studied and linked with the effect of NOx emission abatement that is the technique effect in the decomposition analysis. Policy instrument characteristics have been used to describe the likely effect of studied instruments. The case study shows that observed changes in the NOx-technique effect in the Netherlands could be closely linked to specific policy events, such as the introduction and stepwise further improvement of the Dutch Decree on emission limits for large combustion plants (BEES). Hardly any technique effect was observed in Belgium in the period 1985-1999. On the condition that monitoring results of Belgium are reliable, this implies that no clear technical improvement in emission abatement of NOx has occurred in this period in industrial combustion plants in Belgium. This may be explained by the less ambitious emission regulation in Belgium i.e. emission standards are less stringent and the scope of action of the national regulation is more confined (less installations are regulated). One of the most important conclusions of the case study is that decomposition analysis can play an important role in policy analysis. On the one hand, decomposition figures may confirm expected changes in emissions, and in doing so, underpin the results of policy analysis. On the other hand, changes observed in decomposition figures may indicate changes in policies, and in doing so, direct policy analysis. Finally, it may be concluded from the case study that the use of decomposition figures alone already gives a fair idea about the overall effectiveness of NOx emission reduction policies in different countries. A broad-based and in-depth study as performed in this study produces more detailed knowledge but also requires much more effort. This time-consuming aspect has to be taken into account when considering and planning these kind of studies.en
dc.format.extent486000 bytesen_US
dc.format.extent496891 bytes-
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf-
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherRijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu RIVMen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesRIVM rapport 773301003en_US
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.rivm.nl/bibliotheek/rapporten/773301003.htmlen_US
dc.subject.otheremission reductionen
dc.subject.othernitrogen oxidesen
dc.subject.othercombustion furnacesen
dc.subject.otherindustryen
dc.subject.otherenvironmental policyen
dc.subject.othertechnologyen
dc.subject.otherevaluationen
dc.subject.otherbelgiumen
dc.subject.othernetherlandsen
dc.subject.otherstatistical analysisen
dc.subject.otheremissieverminderingnl
dc.subject.otherstikstofoxidensnl
dc.subject.otherverbrandingsovensnl
dc.subject.otherindustrienl
dc.subject.othermilieubeleidnl
dc.subject.othertechnologienl
dc.subject.otherevaluatienl
dc.subject.otherbelgienl
dc.subject.othernederlandnl
dc.subject.otherstatistische analysenl
dc.titleValue of decomposition figures in emission reduction policy analysis at international level - Report of a traineeship at RIVMen_US
dc.title.alternativeBruikbaarheid van decompositie-diagrammen bij internationale beleidsevaluatieen_US
dc.contributor.departmentKMDen_US
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