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dc.contributor.authorCleven RFMJ
dc.contributor.authorJanus JA
dc.contributor.authorAnnema JA
dc.contributor.authorSlooff W
dc.date.accessioned2007-03-09T17:01:10Z
dc.date.available2007-03-09T17:01:10Z
dc.date.issued1993-08-31en_US
dc.identifier710401028en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10029/10297
dc.description.abstractThis report contains information on zinc and zinc compounds concerning standards, emissions, exposure levels and effect levels. It includes a risk evaluation and presents proposals for maximum permissible concentrations of zinc in the environment. This study indicates that the concentration of zinc in the top soil in the Netherlands is (still) increasing. Environmental zinc levels in surfacewater and ambient air have been decreased in the last decade. The current exposure levels do not pose a threat to humans, however, there is a risk for both aquatic and terrestric ecosystems. In Dutch surfacewater, on the average, the intended minimum protection level of 95% is not achieved ; according to model calculation the percentage of species protected is about 82%. Possible effects on soil ecosystems are difficult to interprete, as a result of both factors determining the bioavailability of zinc and the natural role that this essential element may play in achieving diversity in ecosystems. Apart from the contribution from foreign sources, the main emission sources to soil and surfacewater are corrosion and agriculture.
dc.format.extent11571000 bytesen_US
dc.format.extent11847864 bytes
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherRijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu RIVMen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesRIVM Rapport 710401028en_US
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.rivm.nl/bibliotheek/rapporten/710401028.htmlen_US
dc.subject.otherzincen
dc.subject.otherexposureen
dc.subject.othereffectsen
dc.subject.othermacen
dc.subject.othernelen
dc.subject.otherstandardsen
dc.subject.otheremissionen
dc.subject.otherenvironmenten
dc.subject.otherrisk analysisen
dc.subject.otherreviewen
dc.subject.otherzinknl
dc.subject.otherblootstellingnl
dc.subject.othereffectennl
dc.subject.othermacnl
dc.subject.othernelnl
dc.subject.othernormnl
dc.subject.otheremissienl
dc.subject.othermilieunl
dc.subject.otherrisiconl
dc.subject.otheranalysenl
dc.subject.otherreviewnl
dc.titleIntegrated criteria document Zincen_US
dc.title.alternative[Basisdocument Zink.]en_US
refterms.dateFOA2018-12-18T08:53:57Z
html.description.abstractThis report contains information on zinc and zinc compounds concerning standards, emissions, exposure levels and effect levels. It includes a risk evaluation and presents proposals for maximum permissible concentrations of zinc in the environment. This study indicates that the concentration of zinc in the top soil in the Netherlands is (still) increasing. Environmental zinc levels in surfacewater and ambient air have been decreased in the last decade. The current exposure levels do not pose a threat to humans, however, there is a risk for both aquatic and terrestric ecosystems. In Dutch surfacewater, on the average, the intended minimum protection level of 95% is not achieved ; according to model calculation the percentage of species protected is about 82%. Possible effects on soil ecosystems are difficult to interprete, as a result of both factors determining the bioavailability of zinc and the natural role that this essential element may play in achieving diversity in ecosystems. Apart from the contribution from foreign sources, the main emission sources to soil and surfacewater are corrosion and agriculture.


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