• Milieudruk en Milieukwaliteit in de ROM-gebieden; quickscan ten behoeve van een evaluatie van het ROM-beleid

      Ransijn M; Velde RJ van de; Duijvenbooden W van; LBG; VU; Geodan (1998-01-31)
      At the end of the 1980s the Dutch national government designated 10 areas in the Netherlands for which extra efforts would be made to integrate both environmental policy and physical planning, the so-called ROM areas (ROM being the Dutch acronym for physical (spatial) planning and environment). In this report we will present the research on the effects of this ROM-area policy. Starting-point of this ROM-areas policy study formed the data and models of the National Institute of Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), supplemented with information from the Dutch provinces. A few indicators have been determined for the environmental themes of acidification, eutrophication, disturbance and land use. These indicators give information about the state of the environment. Where possible, the development of the indicators since the start of the ROM-area policy, has been analysed. However, finding the data necessary to calculate an indicator for different years was difficult and only possible for a few. Some, especially these for acidification and eutrophication, showed a drop in environmental pressure. Nevertheless, almost all indicators (acidification, eutrophication, disturbance and land use) showed that the environmental pressure overall remains high for themes as well as for areas. Especially the information from the provinces showed that local action and a strong focus on the problems of the specific area can give remarkable results. Although some positive observations were made, it is not yet possible to state that the ROM-area policy on the whole has led to a significant improvement in the environmental quality.
    • De Ruimteclaims en ruimtelijke ontwikkelingen in de zoekgebieden voor de toekomstige nationale luchtvaartinfrastructuur (TNLI). Quick scan met Ruimtescanner

      Velde RJ van de; Schotten CGJ; Waals JFM van der; Boersma WT; Oude Munnik JM; Ransijn M; LBG; VU; Geodan; UU (1997-12-31)
      Building a new national airport demands an analysis of regional spatial effects. This report describes how Spacescanner, a spatial information system, simulates the development of land use in nine areas which will be influenced by a new airport. The Spacescanner, using data on present use and changes in claims for living space attractiveness, calculates how much space is needed for areas in future for living and working on the basis of, for example, the number of (in)direct employment opportunities, the space required for these and the assessment of the attractiveness of the areas for living and working, e.g. lowered by excessive noise. This simulation has resulted in maps that give a first impression of the impact of the airport and possible conflicts with current spatial policy and physical planning principles.
    • De Ruimtescanner, geintegreerd ruimtelijk informatiesysteem voor de simulatie van toekomstig ruimtegebruik

      Schotten CGJ; Velde RJ van de; Scholten HJ; Boersma WT; Hilferink M; Ransijn M; Zut R; LBG; VU; Geodan (1997-08-31)
      Socio-cultural patterns and socio-economic circumstances of Dutch society are changing quickly. While these developments exert a great impact on future land use, scenarios allowing the effect of different spatial strategies on the environment, natural areas or landscape to be quantified are often limited. To cope with this limitation a project group was set up at the initiative of the RIVM to develop a spatial information system. the result was an integrated, spatial information system, the Spacescanner, which integrates geographical data and mathematical models to predict the effect of demographic and economic developments. Spacescanner 1.0 is a prototype simulating future landuse. The resulting maps have a spatial accuracy of 500 x 500 m. The Spacescanner integrates present and expected land-use data from the above models via the so-called allocation module for use in predicting the attraction of a location for a certain kind of land use.
    • De Ruimtescanner, geintegreerd ruimtelijk informatiesysteem voor de simulatie van toekomstig ruimtegebruik

      Schotten CGJ; Velde RJ van de; Scholten HJ; Boersma WT; Hilferink M; Ransijn M; Zut R; LBG; VU; Geodan (Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu RIVM, 1997-08-31)
      Scenario's voor toekomstig ruimtegebruik hanteren vaak verschillende uitgangspunten en basisgegevens en belichten meestal slechts een facet van het toekomstig ruimtegebruik. Op initiatief van het RIVM is daarom een projectgroep ingesteld om een ruimtelijk informatiesysteem te ontwikkelen - de Ruimtescanner - dat verschillende geografische rekenbestanden en rekenmodellen integreert. Uitgaande van het huidige ruimtegebruik, de verwachte ruimteclaims en aantrekkelijkheid (of attractiviteit) van gebieden, simuleert de Ruimtescanner ruimtelijke beelden. De fijnmazige kaarten geven per cel van 500 bij 500 meter het verwachte ruimtegebruik weer en maken het effect van verschillende scenario's zichtbaar. In dit rapport beschrijven we de Ruimtescanner 1.0. Dit prototype brengt basisbestanden en prognoseresultaten bij elkaar van modellen die demografische en ruimtelijk-economische ontwikkelingen voorspellen via een allocatie-module.
    • Simulatie van de ruimtelijke perspectieven 2030

      Schotten CGJ; Boersma WT; Groen J; Velde RJ van de; LBG; VU; Geodan (1997-04-30)
      In the framework of the programme on Environmental Quality of Green Areas the project Nederlands 2030 was launched by the Dutch government to discuss the spatial planning concepts for 2010 -2030. Since 1991, when the Memorandum Fourth National Spatial Planning Extra was brought out, the Dutch socio-cultural patterns and socio-economic circumstances have changed. There are also doubts whether the building task after 2010 can be realised within current planning concepts. The project Nederlands 2030 was therefore set up to scrutinize existing starting-points and planning concepts and discuss alternative planning solutions. This report describes simulation of the four planning perspectives (Country of Cities, Netherlands Landscape Parc, Country of Flows and Netherlands Palette) derived from the Nederlands 2030 project. Starting-points are the present land use and the expected increase in built-up area (residential and working areas) up to 2030. The result is a collection of maps that show the land use in 2030 according to the four new planning perspectives. These maps are used to determine the effect of the planning perspectives on the mobility.