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Bodembeheer in Ruimtelijk en Economisch PerspectiefSoil decontamination is a difficult, time-consuming and expensive operation, which is stagnating because of the long (legal) procedures and the high costs involved. An indirect effect of the stagnation of soil decontamination is the stagnation of activities for which soil is an input factor. This study aims at analysing the private and social effects of decontamination of historic soil pollution and at the possible solutions for stagnation of the soil decontamination process. Economic theory is used to develop a cost-benefit framework to identify the different costs and benefits from decontamination for three groups of actors: the owner; the users of the plot and the nearby residents; and the region. Costs depend on factors like the type of contamination and the properties of the plot. The benefits of decontamination can be a "green" image for a company, value appreciation of the plot, reduction of health risks and regional economic development. Stagnation will take place where the costs are higher than the benefits, which most likely occurs for the functions nature, agriculture and small-industry plots. The government can intervene at different places in the decision process by using instruments.