• Normen en methoden voor kwaliteitsparameters in het te wijzigen Besluit hygiëne en veiligheid badinrichtingen en zwemgelegenheden

      Schets FM; Keltjens LLM; Hulshof GJM; Schoon H; Feyen LJG; Janssen PJCM; te Biesebeek JD; MLU; I&V (Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu RIVMAqualab Zuid BVC-markOmegam-Water BVLabo Derva, 2015-05-29)
      The Dutch Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment has decided to amend the Swimming Facilities Hygiene and Safety Decree (Besluit hygiëne en veiligheid badinrichtingen en zwemgelegenheden, BHVBZ). Owners of chlorinated swimming pools must now monitor water and air quality against stricter requirements in order to better protect the health of swimmers. The current version of the Decree dates back to the early 1970s, and new insights required an amendment. The amended Decree will enter into effect in early 2016. Compared to the current version of the Decree, the number of microbiological quality requirements has been increased, some chemical and physical quality requirements have been made more stringent, and requirements concerning air quality measurements in (indoor) swimming facilities as well as standards for Disinfection By-Products (DBP's) have been included. DBP's may be created when disinfectants that have been added to keep pool water clean enter into a chemical reaction with substances that bathers introduce into the water, such as sweat and urine. In swimmers, DBP's may cause irritation of the eyes and the respiratory tract and other problems. The amended Decree applies not only to chlorinated swimming pools, but also to other types of pools, such as swimming ponds, pools for toddlers, pools for single use, floating tanks (salt water pools), and so-called spring pools. For each type of pool or pond the Dutch National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM) has advised the Ministry about the standards, analysis methods and analysis frequencies for the new quality requirements. The main consideration was protecting swimmers and staff against possible health problems caused by the presence of microbiological and/or chemical contaminations in the water or in the air. The legislation must provide equivalent protection to swimmers and staff in all types of pools, although each type requires a specific approach with specific standards.