• Greenhouse gas emissions in The Netherlands 1990-2012 : National Inventory Report 2014

      Coenen PWHG; van der Maas CWM; Zijlema PJ; Arets EJMM; Baas K; van den Berghe ACWM; te Biesebeek JD; Nijkamp MM; van Huis EP; Geilenkirchen GP; van der Hoek KW; Versluijs CW; te Molder R; Dröge R; Montfoort JA; Peek CJ; Vonk J; L&E; M&V (Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu RIVMNetherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research (TNO)Netherlands Enterprise AgencyStatistics Netherlands (CBS)Dutch Emissions Authority (NEa)PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment AgencyAlterra Wageningen URRijkswaterstaat, 2014-06-01)
      Total greenhouse gas emissions from the Netherlands in 2012 decreased by approximately 1.7 per cent, compared with 2011 emissions. This decrease is mainly the result of decreased fuel combustion in the Energy sector (increased electricity import) and in road transport. In 2012, total direct greenhouse gas emissions (excluding emissions from LULUCF - land use, land use change and forestry) in the Netherlands amounted to 191.7 Tg CO2 eq. This is approximately 10 per cent below the emissions in the base year (213.2 Tg CO2 eq.). The 51% reduction in the non-CO2 emissions in this period is counterbalanced by 4 per cent increase in CO2 emissions since 1990. This report documents the Netherlands' 2014 annual submission of its greenhouse gas emissions inventory in accordance with the guidelines provided by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the Kyoto Protocol and the European Union's Greenhouse Gas Monitoring Mechanism. The report comprises explanations of observed trends in emissions; a description of an assessment of key sources and their uncertainty; documentation of methods, data sources and emission factors applied; and a description of the quality assurance system and the verification activities performed on the data.