• Assessment of risks of groundwater contamination from abandoned on-farm storage sites in Ukraine : Appendix report of project completion report

      Velstra J; Kovar K; Swartjes FA; Fraters B; Grekov V; Panasenko V; CMM; mev (Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu RIVMAcacia Water BVPBLCenterderzhrodyuchist, 2013-01-11)
      This report is an appendix report of the project completion report title 'Assessment of risks of groundwater contamination from abandoned on-farm storage sites in Ukraine. Appendix report of project completion report with the RIVM report number 680272001. It contains in total 25 presentations presented by Ukrainian and Dutch experts during three project missions carried out in 2011 and 2012.
    • Assessment of risks of groundwater contamination from abandoned on-farm storage sites in Ukraine : Project completion report

      Velstra J; Kovar K; Swartjes FA; Fraters B; Grekov V; Panasenko V; CMM; mev (Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu RIVMAcacia Water BVPBLCenterderzhrodyuchist, 2013-01-11)
      Ukraine faces large challenges, as point sources of contamination endanger its highly productive, but vulnerable soils and drinking water wells. Risk assessment provides a methodology to prioritize and differentiate the vast amount of potentially contaminated sites in a first step towards remediation. Increasing needs and decreasing budget Centerderzhrodyuchist, the Ukrainian State Centre for Soil Fertility and Product Quality, is responsible for soil quality monitoring in Ukraine as well as soil fertility analysis and advises. The budget for both tasks is decreasing, while the need for detailed monitoring and information collection is increasing to assure sufficient and safe food production in the near future. Safeguarding the agricultural area and food security The risk of groundwater contamination by abandoned on-farm storage sites endangers the agricultural area and drinking water wells. This in turn endangers crop production and as a consequence food security. Prioritizing and differentiate point sources of pollution Decreasing budgets and high costs involved with remediation demand a methodology for risk assessment of point-source contamination. This involves an inventory of relevant point sources and/or contaminant mobilisation processes; secondly, an assessment of the leaching of contaminants into phreatic groundwater and transport in aquifers due to groundwater flow and, thirdly, a risk assessment as regard to land and water use functions in the vicinity of a pointsource of contamination. The Dutch and Ukrainian experts have elaborated this methodology and have laid it down in a guidance document. Sponsor and teams These findings are the result of a project, developed by NL Agency and financed by the Ditch Ministry of Economic Affairs, Agriculture and Innovation, to enable Ukrainian experts to carry out risk assessments for the abandoned on-farm storage sites in Ukraine. A Dutch team, with experts from the National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency and the consultancy firm Acacia Water BV, carried out this project together with experts of Centerderzhrodyuchist and with experts of two other Ukrainian institutes and organisations, both public and private, in 2011 and 2012.