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dc.contributor.authorvan Putten EM
dc.date.accessioned2012-12-12T15:29:03Z
dc.date.available2012-12-12T15:29:03Z
dc.date.issued2011-12-31
dc.identifier609021114
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10029/257358
dc.description.abstractThe use of the heavy metals cadmium, mercury, chromium and lead in packaging is forbidden internationally for some years because these substances are harmful to the environment. In 2002 the Dutch national Inspectorate for the Environment determined the presence of heavy metals in packaging for consumer products. A literature survey was commissioned by the Dutch national Inspectorate for the Environment. Objective was to gather information about actions and checks in other countries on the presence of heavy metals in packaging. gain knowledge about the current situation worldwide. In this literature survey from the RIVM it appears that only in the U.S.A. two investigations were conducted that are comparable to the Dutch study. According to two American studies the same products have the same bad results as in the Netherlands: plastic bags and transparent packagings. Apart from these some smaller scale investigations on specific aspects of packaging were reported, such as on crates and on ink from recycled paper. It is possible that other actions exist but that the results are not published in open literature. Furthermore, it appeared that governments put a lot of effort in informing producers and importers about the packaging regulations. No data were found if inspectorates enforce these regulations.
dc.description.sponsorshipVROM-Inspectie
dc.formatapplication/pdf
dc.format.extent19 p
dc.format.extent167 kb
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherRijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu RIVM
dc.relation.ispartofseriesRIVM letter report 609021114
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.rivm.nl/bibliotheek/rapporten/609021114.html
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.rivm.nl/bibliotheek/rapporten/609021114.pdf
dc.subjectTOXICOLOGIEnl
dc.titleHeavy metals in packaging : a literature surveyen
dc.typeReport
dc.contributor.departmentIMG
dc.date.updated2012-12-12T15:29:03Z
refterms.dateFOA2018-12-18T10:50:59Z
html.description.abstractThe use of the heavy metals cadmium, mercury, chromium and lead in packaging is forbidden internationally for some years because these substances are harmful to the environment. In 2002 the Dutch national Inspectorate for the Environment determined the presence of heavy metals in packaging for consumer products.<br>A literature survey was commissioned by the Dutch national Inspectorate for the Environment. Objective was to gather information about actions and checks in other countries on the presence of heavy metals in packaging. gain knowledge about the current situation worldwide.<br>In this literature survey from the RIVM it appears that only in the U.S.A. two investigations were conducted that are comparable to the Dutch study. According to two American studies the same products have the same bad results as in the Netherlands: plastic bags and transparent packagings. Apart from these some smaller scale investigations on specific aspects of packaging were reported, such as on crates and on ink from recycled paper. It is possible that other actions exist but that the results are not published in open literature.<br>Furthermore, it appeared that governments put a lot of effort in informing producers and importers about the packaging regulations. No data were found if inspectorates enforce these regulations.<br>


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