Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorOlivier JGJ
dc.date.accessioned2012-12-12T15:45:56Z
dc.date.available2012-12-12T15:45:56Z
dc.date.issued1991-11-30
dc.identifier736301008
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10029/257565
dc.description.abstractAbstract niet beschikbaar
dc.description.abstractGlobal emissions of CO2, CO, NOx, total VOC, CH4, SO2 and H2O from civil and military aircraft are reviewed. The major contribution of emissions by aircraft stems not from the Landing and Take-Off cycle, to which most national emission estimates are limited, but from the cruise flight. Subsonic aircraft appear to spend roughly about 20% of the fuel consumption in the tropopause or in the stratosphere. Estimates are presented of value and uncertainty of global emission factors and of the global annual fuel consumption for civil and military air traffic (1990), as well as emission inventories made for the Netherlands (1988) and for Germany (1984). The fuel consumption by aircraft in 1990 is estimated to be about 7.61 EJ of 175 Mton, of which 28% is accounted for as bunker fuel ; the share of military aircraft is estimated to be about 21%. The uncertainty range in the emission estimates of NOx, CO and VOC/methane is reported to be of the carbondioxide of 2. National emission budgets appear to depend considerable on the definition used for accounting "national" aircraft emissions.
dc.description.sponsorshipDGM/L
dc.formatapplication/pdf
dc.format.extent131 p
dc.format.extent6144 kb
dc.language.isoen
dc.relation.ispartofRIVM Rapport 736301008
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.rivm.nl/bibliotheek/rapporten/736301008.html
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.rivm.nl/bibliotheek/rapporten/736301008.pdf
dc.subject15nl
dc.subject91-4nl
dc.subjectvliegtuigemissiesnl
dc.subjectbroeikasgassennl
dc.subjectemissiefactornl
dc.subjectkruisvluchtnl
dc.subjectlto cyclusnl
dc.subjectstratosfeernl
dc.subjectmondiale emissiesnl
dc.subjectbunkersnl
dc.subjectonzekerheid; koolmonoxidenl
dc.subjectvosnl
dc.subjectstikstofoxidennl
dc.subjectzwaveldioxidenl
dc.subjectkooldioxide; methaannl
dc.subjectlachgasnl
dc.subjectpaknl
dc.subjectaircraftnl
dc.subjectemissionsnl
dc.subjectgreenhouse gassesnl
dc.subjectemission factornl
dc.subjectcruise flightnl
dc.subjectlto cyclenl
dc.subjectglobal emissions; bunkersnl
dc.subjectuncertaintynl
dc.subjectcarbon monoxidenl
dc.subjectvocnl
dc.subjectnitrogen oxidesnl
dc.subjectsulphur dioxidenl
dc.subjectcarbondioxidenl
dc.subjectmethanenl
dc.subjectnitrous oxidenl
dc.subjectpahnl
dc.subject921nl
dc.titleInventory of aircraft emissions: a review of recent literatureen
dc.title.alternativeOverzicht van vliegtuigemissies: een inventarisatie van recente literatuurnl
dc.typeOnderzoeksrapport
dc.date.updated2012-12-12T15:45:57Z
html.description.abstractAbstract niet beschikbaar
html.description.abstractGlobal emissions of CO2, CO, NOx, total VOC, CH4, SO2 and H2O from civil and military aircraft are reviewed. The major contribution of emissions by aircraft stems not from the Landing and Take-Off cycle, to which most national emission estimates are limited, but from the cruise flight. Subsonic aircraft appear to spend roughly about 20% of the fuel consumption in the tropopause or in the stratosphere. Estimates are presented of value and uncertainty of global emission factors and of the global annual fuel consumption for civil and military air traffic (1990), as well as emission inventories made for the Netherlands (1988) and for Germany (1984). The fuel consumption by aircraft in 1990 is estimated to be about 7.61 EJ of 175 Mton, of which 28% is accounted for as bunker fuel ; the share of military aircraft is estimated to be about 21%. The uncertainty range in the emission estimates of NOx, CO and VOC/methane is reported to be of the carbondioxide of 2. National emission budgets appear to depend considerable on the definition used for accounting "national" aircraft emissions.


This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record