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dc.contributor.authorGroot WT de
dc.contributor.authorSielhorst SID
dc.date.accessioned2012-12-12T16:18:51Z
dc.date.available2012-12-12T16:18:51Z
dc.date.issued2001-12-24
dc.identifier410200091
dc.identifier.isbn90 5851 072 7
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10029/257916
dc.description.abstractAbstract niet beschikbaar
dc.description.abstractThis report aims to determine the function of tropical forestry in the climate and other global conventions. Because the Clean Development Mechanism of the Kyoto Protocol is the major instrument linking the developing countries (hence the tropical forest) to the climate issue, CDM will be a major focus. First, the general feasibility of plantations as carbon storage fasilities (i.e sinks) is examined. Formal constraints concerning permanence, leakage and baseline calculation are recognized. Furthermore, the external effects in the tropics are deemed predominanatly negative. Plantations included under CDM as sinks may be a hindrance for achieving sustainable development and may contradict other international conventions such as CBD and CCD. Subsequently, the report explores two alternative implementations of forests in the mitigation of GHGs. Both are based on output financing. The first concerns using tropical plantations are sources of renewable (biomass) energy or energy saving material. A framework is developed for operating this 'zero pollution' contribution to the global climate, which is compatible with the CDM criteria, in CDM. Doing so, no substantial need exists any more to operate CDM through the sinks concept and with that, key problems surrounding the sink concept are avoided. Second, a multi-convention global facility is proposed to perserve existing forests. The key pronciple her is that net fores benefit producing countries recieve disbursements from net fores benefit consuming countries on the basis of standing forest per hectare per year. The facility can not be placed in the structure of CDM and disbursements may be based on several global benefits next to carbon storage, such as safeguarding biodiversity, preventing desrtification and preserving cultural diversity.
dc.description.sponsorshipSG-NOP
dc.format.extent85 p
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherLeiden University
dc.publisherThe Netherlands
dc.relation.ispartofGlobal Change NOP-NRP report 410200091
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.rivm.nl/bibliotheek/rapporten/410200091.html
dc.subject04nl
dc.subjectklimaatveranderingnl
dc.subjecttropische regenwoudennl
dc.subjectbosbouwnl
dc.subjectontwikkelingslandennl
dc.subjectkyotonl
dc.subjectclimatic changesen
dc.subjecttropical rain forestsen
dc.subjectforestryen
dc.subjectdeveloping countriesen
dc.subjectsinken
dc.subjectkyotoen
dc.titleNot to Sink: Bringing the Tropical Fores into the Climate and Other Global Conventions, without Needing the 'Sink' concepten
dc.title.alternativeGeen Sink: het inzetten van tropische bossen in het 'Climate and Other Global Conventions', zonder gebruik te maken van het Sink conceptnl
dc.typeOnderzoeksrapport
dc.contributor.departmentNOP
dc.date.updated2012-12-12T16:18:52Z
html.description.abstractAbstract niet beschikbaar
html.description.abstractThis report aims to determine the function of tropical forestry in the climate and other global conventions. Because the Clean Development Mechanism of the Kyoto Protocol is the major instrument linking the developing countries (hence the tropical forest) to the climate issue, CDM will be a major focus. First, the general feasibility of plantations as carbon storage fasilities (i.e sinks) is examined. Formal constraints concerning permanence, leakage and baseline calculation are recognized. Furthermore, the external effects in the tropics are deemed predominanatly negative. Plantations included under CDM as sinks may be a hindrance for achieving sustainable development and may contradict other international conventions such as CBD and CCD. Subsequently, the report explores two alternative implementations of forests in the mitigation of GHGs. Both are based on output financing. The first concerns using tropical plantations are sources of renewable (biomass) energy or energy saving material. A framework is developed for operating this 'zero pollution' contribution to the global climate, which is compatible with the CDM criteria, in CDM. Doing so, no substantial need exists any more to operate CDM through the sinks concept and with that, key problems surrounding the sink concept are avoided. Second, a multi-convention global facility is proposed to perserve existing forests. The key pronciple her is that net fores benefit producing countries recieve disbursements from net fores benefit consuming countries on the basis of standing forest per hectare per year. The facility can not be placed in the structure of CDM and disbursements may be based on several global benefits next to carbon storage, such as safeguarding biodiversity, preventing desrtification and preserving cultural diversity.


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