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dc.contributor.authorMartens WJM
dc.date.accessioned2012-12-12T17:03:49Z
dc.date.available2012-12-12T17:03:49Z
dc.date.issued1995-07-31
dc.identifier461502010
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10029/258425
dc.description.abstractAbstract niet beschikbaar
dc.description.abstractOne of the potential health consequences of global warming is a (re-)introduction of vector-borne diseases into certain regions which may, or may not have been, previously endemic. In most tropical countries, such diseases are a major cause of illness and death. One of the most important among them is schistosomiasis, which is associated with one of three species of parasite each of which are transmitted by a specific snail (intermediate host). Temperature and precipitation changes would directly affect the behaviour and geographical distribution of the vectors and the development of the parasites. Climate change could also have an indirect effect by influencing environmental factors such as vegetation and the availability of breeding sites. The direct effects of a change in temperature and precipitation on the transmission potential of the snail population and the consequent effects on human health is evaluated by assessing the change in potential schistosomiasis risk areas and the change in world schistosomiasis prevalence. General Circulation Model based scenarios of anthropogenic global climate change are deployed in the assessment of potential changes in areas vulnerable to the transmission of schistosomiasis. The study shows that the transmission potential of this vector-borne disease is, although to a lesser extent than malaria, very sensitive to climate changes on the periphery of the present endemic areas and at higher altitudes within these areas. The health impact will be most pronounced among populations living in the economically less developed temperate regions in which endemicity has previously been low or absent. In more developed areas it is expected that no major problems will occur since effective control measures are economically feasible as transmission potential would increase.
dc.description.sponsorshipRIVM
dc.format.extent31 p
dc.language.isoen
dc.relation.ispartofRIVM Rapport 461502010 , GLOBO report series 10
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.rivm.nl/bibliotheek/rapporten/461502010.html
dc.subject02nl
dc.subjectschistosomiasisen
dc.subjectclimatic changesen
dc.subjecthealth effectsen
dc.subjectmodellingen
dc.subjecthost prevalenceen
dc.subjectdirect effects of climatic changeen
dc.subjectindirect effects of climatic changeen
dc.titleModelling the effect of global warming on the prevalence of schistosomiasisen
dc.title.alternativeHet modelleren van het effect van een mondiale klimaatverandering op de prevalentie van schistosomiasisnl
dc.typeReport
dc.contributor.departmentMNV
dc.date.updated2012-12-12T17:03:50Z
refterms.dateFOA2018-12-18T11:29:07Z
html.description.abstractAbstract niet beschikbaar
html.description.abstractOne of the potential health consequences of global warming is a (re-)introduction of vector-borne diseases into certain regions which may, or may not have been, previously endemic. In most tropical countries, such diseases are a major cause of illness and death. One of the most important among them is schistosomiasis, which is associated with one of three species of parasite each of which are transmitted by a specific snail (intermediate host). Temperature and precipitation changes would directly affect the behaviour and geographical distribution of the vectors and the development of the parasites. Climate change could also have an indirect effect by influencing environmental factors such as vegetation and the availability of breeding sites. The direct effects of a change in temperature and precipitation on the transmission potential of the snail population and the consequent effects on human health is evaluated by assessing the change in potential schistosomiasis risk areas and the change in world schistosomiasis prevalence. General Circulation Model based scenarios of anthropogenic global climate change are deployed in the assessment of potential changes in areas vulnerable to the transmission of schistosomiasis. The study shows that the transmission potential of this vector-borne disease is, although to a lesser extent than malaria, very sensitive to climate changes on the periphery of the present endemic areas and at higher altitudes within these areas. The health impact will be most pronounced among populations living in the economically less developed temperate regions in which endemicity has previously been low or absent. In more developed areas it is expected that no major problems will occur since effective control measures are economically feasible as transmission potential would increase.


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