Inventarisatie van technische voorzieningen en beheersmaatregelen voor bodembescherming
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TitleInventarisatie van technische voorzieningen en beheersmaatregelen voor bodembescherming
Translated TitleSurvey of technical means and control measures for soil protection
PubliekssamenvattingAbstract niet beschikbaar
In this report, the results are presented of a survey of presently available methods for preventive soil protection. A difference is made between Technical means which can be applied in installations and for the sealing of the soil surface and Control measures which can be divided into technical control measures and management control measures. The findings of this survey are that the actually achieved level of soil protection depends on the combination of technical means and control measures. This signifies that technical means and control measures cannot be considered separately. An evaluation of the different methods for soil protection can therefore only be made in a framework which allows for the comparison of the combinations of technical means and control measures. Sources of emissions and their patterns are described as well as the adequate means and measures for soil protection. Risk-reducing design approaches and management methods are explained and some methods of risk-assessment are mentioned briefly. The report includes a recommendation to investigate the possibilities of defining a specified and quantitative level of soil protection by using risk-analysis. This approach should then be used for the evaluation of different combinations of technical means and control measures.
SponsorsProgrammacommissie Techniekontwikkeling Bodemonderzoek
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Project Bodemexpertisenetwerk. EindrapportRuardi PA (1990-12-31)By using this report decisions about the realization of a soil expertise network can be made by those who are involved. For policy- making and -implementation complementary technical information is necessary ; the knowledge for that is mostly not available or accessable. For the solution of the issue a combination of directives guidelines and technical manuals on soil protection techniques, quality control and company-internal environmental control are considered indispensable, together with an expertise network for knowledge transfer. The network wil be focussed on State, provincial and municipal authorities. RIVM will be the centre of the network with TNO, KIWA and Staring Centre.
Bodembelasting door gereguleerde bronnenFranken ROG; Vissenberg HA; Willems WJ; LBG (1998-11-02)In this literature survey to assess the accumulation of micropollutants in activities regulated by General Administrative Order (GAO) of the Dutch Soil Protection Act, seven GAOs were considered. The main aim was to determine by means of a critical load approach if the annual accumulation of micropollutants from activities regulated by the GAOs would cause exceedance of the Dutch target value within a 100-year period. A secundary aim was to evaluate this critical load approach, as described and used in earlier RIVM studies. In this approach, the actual annual loads to soil (kg.ha-1.yr-1) from activities mentioned above are compared with critical loads for micropollutants. Critical loads are calculated using a model called SOACAS and represent the annual loads which will prevent the target value for soil being exceeded for a defined time period. The annual input of micropollutants is compared with these critical loads. To avoid accumulation of micropollutants in groundwater, a critical load is introduced to protect the soil water. In conclusion, additional policy measures will have to be generated to avoid accumulation of micropollutants exceeding Dutch target values for soil and groundwater. Sharp emission reduction is especially necessary for copper and zinc from pig manure. Recommendations considered for advanced research, monitoring and policy have been proposed for each of the GAOs.