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dc.contributor.authorHout KD van (ed.)
dc.date.accessioned2012-12-12T23:04:51Z
dc.date.available2012-12-12T23:04:51Z
dc.date.issued1994-02-28
dc.identifier722401003
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10029/261925
dc.description.abstractAbstract niet beschikbaar
dc.description.abstractESQUAD, a joint project involving several research institutes in the Netherlands calculates the impact of atmospheric deposition of three heavy metals and two organic compounds on the quality of soil and seawater in Europe. The general approach is based on methods and concepts developed in acidification abatement policy, especially the critical load concept. Based on a detailed emission database for Europe, atmospheric transport and deposition calculations have been carried out using the RIVM EUTREND model. Using a detailed database of soil property parameters in Europe, the distribution of concentrations in soil and groundwater have been calculated for each grid cell. For soils the study focused on forests, where atmospheric deposition is the only source of pollution. For the North Sea a detailed model was used to map all contributions to the long-term concentrations in water and sediment. The calculated deposition and concentration distributions have been compared with environmental quality target values.
dc.description.sponsorshipDGM/LE
dc.format.extent151 p
dc.language.isoen
dc.relation.ispartofRIVM Rapport 722401003
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.rivm.nl/bibliotheek/rapporten/722401003.html
dc.subject07nl
dc.subjectdepositienl
dc.subjectbodemnl
dc.subjectzeenl
dc.subjectzware metalennl
dc.subjectorganische verbindingennl
dc.subjectwiskundig modelnl
dc.subjectbosnl
dc.subjectslibnl
dc.subjecteuropanl
dc.subjectnoordzeenl
dc.subjectnormstellingnl
dc.subjectdepositionen
dc.subjectsoilen
dc.subjectseasen
dc.subjectheavy metalsen
dc.subjectorganic compoundsen
dc.subjectcritical loadsen
dc.subjectmodellingen
dc.subjectforestsen
dc.subjectsedimenten
dc.subjecteuropeen
dc.subjectnorth seaen
dc.subjectstandardsen
dc.subjectstreefwaardenen
dc.titleThe impact of atmospheric deposition of non-acidifying pollutants on the quality of european forest soils and the North Sea. Main report of the ESQUAD projecten
dc.title.alternativeDe impact van atmosferische depositie van niet verzurende stoffen op de kwaliteit van Europese bosbodems en de Noordzee. Hoofdrapport van het ESQUAD projectnl
dc.typeReport
dc.contributor.departmentTNO/IMW
dc.contributor.departmentRIVM
dc.contributor.departmentVROM
dc.contributor.departmentWL
dc.contributor.departmentDLO/WSC
dc.date.updated2012-12-12T23:04:52Z
html.description.abstractAbstract niet beschikbaar
html.description.abstractESQUAD, a joint project involving several research institutes in the Netherlands calculates the impact of atmospheric deposition of three heavy metals and two organic compounds on the quality of soil and seawater in Europe. The general approach is based on methods and concepts developed in acidification abatement policy, especially the critical load concept. Based on a detailed emission database for Europe, atmospheric transport and deposition calculations have been carried out using the RIVM EUTREND model. Using a detailed database of soil property parameters in Europe, the distribution of concentrations in soil and groundwater have been calculated for each grid cell. For soils the study focused on forests, where atmospheric deposition is the only source of pollution. For the North Sea a detailed model was used to map all contributions to the long-term concentrations in water and sediment. The calculated deposition and concentration distributions have been compared with environmental quality target values.


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