The 18th EURL-Salmonella workshop : 30 may 2013, St. Malo, France
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Series/Report no.RIVM report 330604030
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TitleThe 18th EURL-Salmonella workshop : 30 may 2013, St. Malo, France
Translated TitleDe achttiende EURL-Salmonella workshop : 30 mei 2013, St. Malo, Frankrijk
PubliekssamenvattingIn dit rapport zijn de verslagen gebundeld van de presentaties van de achttiende jaarlijkse workshop voor de Europese Nationale Referentie Laboratoria (NRL's) voor de bacterie Salmonella (30 mei 2013). Het doel van de workshop is dat het overkoepelende orgaan, het Europese Referentie Laboratorium (EURL) Salmonella, en de NRL's informatie met elkaar kunnen uitwisselen. Daarnaast worden de resultaten gepresenteerd van de ringonderzoeken van het EURL, waarmee de kwaliteit van de NRL-laboratoria wordt aangegeven. Een uitgebreidere weergave van de resultaten worden per ringonderzoek in aparte RIVM-rapporten opgenomen.
Campylobacter en Salmonella belangrijkste veroorzakers zoönosen
Een terugkerend onderwerp is het jaarlijkse rapport van de European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) over zoönosen, oftewel ziekten die van dieren op mensen kunnen overgaan. Het verslag daarover bevat een overzicht van de aantallen en types zoönotische micro-organismen die in 2011 gezondheidsproblemen veroorzaakten in Europa. Hieruit blijkt dat Salmonella al een aantal jaren minder gezondheidsproblemen veroorzaakt, maar nog steeds, ná de Campylobacter-bacterie, de belangrijkste veroorzaker is van zoönotische ziekten in Europa.
Databanken voor opslag van moleculaire typeringsdata
Andere verslagen geven informatie over databanken die momenteel worden gebouwd door de EFSA en het European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). De EFSA-databank gaat informatie bevatten over moleculaire typering van ziekmakende bacteriën (pathogenen) die worden gevonden in voedsel, diervoeder en dieren. Die van het ECDC zal deze informatie bevatten van pathogenen gevonden bij de mens. Iedere bacteriestam heeft een eigen unieke moleculaire typering. Door de informatie uit de twee databanken te koppelen, kunnen bacteriestammen in producten en mensen worden achterhaald. Die kennis kan eraan bijdragen de bron te vinden van een, nationale of Europese, voedsel-gerelateerde uitbraak.
De organisatie van de workshop is in handen van het EURL voor Salmonella, dat onderdeel is van het RIVM. De hoofdtaak van het EURL-Salmonella is toezien op de kwaliteit van de nationale referentielaboratoria voor deze bacterie in Europa.
This report contains the summaries of the presentations of the 18th annual workshop for the National Reference Laboratories (NRLs) for Salmonella, held in St. Malo, France on 30 May 2013. The aim of this workshop is to facilitate the exchange of information on the activities of the NRLs and the European Union Reference Laboratory for Salmonella (EURL-Salmonella). An important yearly item on the agenda is the presentation of the results of the annual ring trials organized by the EURL, which provide valuable information on the quality of the work carried out by the participating NRL laboratories. Another yearly item is the presentation of the most recent European summary report on Zoonoses by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). This latter report gives an overview on the number and types of zoonotic micro-organisms that were causing health problems in Europe in 2011. For several years, the number of health problems caused by Salmonella has been decreasing, but in 2011 it was still the second most significant cause, after Campylobacter, of zoonotic diseases in Europe.
Other presentations give information on the molecular typing databases which are built by EFSA and by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). The database of EFSA is intended for the storage of molecular typing data of pathogens isolated from food, animal feed or animals. The one of ECDC will contain information gathered from pathogens isolated from humans. Each strain has its unique molecular typing pattern. The molecular typing data in both databases can be useful for comparing strains from different sources. This knowledge can contribute to find the source of a European or national foodborne outbreak.
The workshop was organized by the EURL-Salmonella and is located at the Dutch National Institute for Public Health and the Environment. The main task of the EURL-Salmonella is to evaluate the performance of the European NRLs in detecting and typing Salmonella in different products.
Directorate-General for Health and Consumer Protection
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Thirteenth CRL-Salmonella interlaboratory comparison study (2008) on typing of Salmonella spp. : Dertiende CRL-Salmonella ringonderzoek (2008) voor de typering van Salmonella spp.Berk PA; Maas HME; de Pinna E; Mooijman KA; LZO; cib (Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu RIVMHealth Protection Agency HPA, 2010-11-04)The National Reference Laboratories (NRLs) of all 27 European Member States performed well on the 2008 quality control test on Salmonella typing. The 4 laboratories which repeated the test also obtained good scores. An analysis of the pooled results from all NRLs revealed that the NRLs taken as a whole were able to assign the correct name to 97 % of the strains tested. One NRL performed the test at a relatively late date and, consequently, its data could not be included in the group analysis. Since 1992, the NRLs have been required to participate in an annual quality control test, which consists of an interlaboratory comparison study for Salmonella typing. Each Member State designates a specific laboratory within their national boundaries to be responsible for the detection and identification of Salmonella strains from samples isolated from animals and/or food products. These laboratories are then referred to as the National Reference Laboratories. The performance of the NRLs is assessed annually based on their capability to correctly identify 20 Salmonella strains. NRLs from countries outside the European Union occasionally participate in these tests, and NRLs from 2 countries belonging to the European Free Trade Association (EFTA) took part in the 2008 test. The expertise of a number of NRLs was subjected to more severe testing by having not only to identify the 20 Salmonella strains of the quality control test but also to subtype (phage typing) various other Salmonella strains. As such, these laboratories received 10 strains of each of Salmonella Enteritidis and Salmonella Typhimurium. These NRLs typed 97 % of the S. Typhimurium strains correctly. The typing of S. Enteritidis strains proved to be more troublesome, with the NRLs typing 94 % of the strains correctly. The Community Reference Laboratory for Salmonella (CRL-Salmonella) organises this annual interlaboratory comparison study in cooperation with the Health Protection Agency in London, UK. The CRL-Salmonella is situated at the National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), Bilthoven, the Netherlands.
Sixteenth EURL-Salmonella interlaboratory comparison study (2011) on typing of Salmonella spp. : Zestiende EURL-Salmonella ringonderzoek (2011) voor de typering van Salmonella spp.Jacobs-Reitsma WF; Pol-Hofstad IE; Maas HME; de Pinna E; Mooijman KA; LZO; cib (Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu RIVM, 2012-10-24)The 28 National Reference Laboratories (NRLs) of all 27 European Union (EU) Member States performed well on the 2011 quality control test on Salmonella typing. Two laboratories were found to require a follow-up study on their first test. Altogether, the EU-NRLs were able to assign the correct name to 97% of the strains tested. Other participants interlaboratory comparison study Salmonella Since 1992, the NRLs of the EU Member States have been required to participate in annual quality control tests, which consist of interlaboratory comparison studies on Salmonella. Laboratories from countries outside the European Union, like EU-candidate countries, occasionally participate in these tests on a voluntary basis. Eight additional laboratories participated in the current study. Two EUcandidate countries amongst these eight additional participants did not meet the criteria for good performance in the first round. One of them did not reach this goal in the follow-up study either. The other was not able to participate in the follow-up study; a follow-up study is not compulsory for non-EU laboratories. Each EU Member State designates a specific laboratory within their national boundaries to be responsible for the detection and identification of Salmonella strains from animals and/or food products. These laboratories are then referred to as the National Reference Laboratories. The performance of these NRLs on Salmonella typing is assessed annually, based on their capability to correctly identify 20 Salmonella strains. Phage typing Nine NRLs not only serotyped the 20 Salmonella strains of the quality control test, but also subtyped 20 additional strains by phage typing. For this, the laboratories received ten strains of Salmonella Enteritidis and ten strains of Salmonella Typhimurium. These NRLs typed 98% of the S. Typhimurium strains correctly. Of the S. Enteritidis strains, 88% were phage typed correctly. The European Union Reference Laboratory for Salmonella (EURL-Salmonella) organises this annual interlaboratory comparison study on typing of Salmonella in cooperation with the Health Protection Agency in London, UK. The EURLSalmonella is situated at the National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), Bilthoven, the Netherlands.
Test results of Salmonella typing by the NRLs-Salmonella in the Member States of the EU and the EnterNet Laboratories - Collaborative study VI (2001) on typing of SalmonellaKorver H; Raes M; Maas HME; Ward LR; Wannet WJB; Henken AM; MGB; LIS (PHLS-Colindale/London, 2002-09-06)Test results of Salmonella sero- and phage typing and antimicrobial susceptibility testing by the National Reference Laboratories for Salmonella in the Member States of the European Union and the EnterNet Laboratories: Collaborative study VI (2001) for Salmonella. The sixth collaborative typing study for Salmonella was organised by the Community Reference Laboratory for Salmonella (CRL-Salmonella, Bilthoven, The Netherlands) in collaboration with the Public Health Laboratory Services (PHLS), London, UK. Seventeen National Reference Laboratories for Salmonella (NRLs-Salmonella) and 15 EnterNet laboratories (ENLs) participated in the study. Three of the NRLs for Salmonella are also ENLs. The results of these three NRL-ENL laboratories will only be evaluated with the NRLs for Salmonella. In total, 19 strains of the species Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica and one strain of the species Salmonella enterica subsp. arizonae were selected for serotyping and antimicrobial susceptibility testing, while 10 strains of Salmonella Typhimurium (STM) and 10 strains of Salmonella Enteritidis (SE) were selected for phage typing. In general, no problems were encountered with the typing of the O antigens. However, some laboratories had problems with typing the H antigens. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing revealed data showing that standardisation of this technique would be required to allow for comparison between laboratories. The majority of the EnterNet Laboratories and National Reference Laboratories for Salmonella did not encounter major problems with phage typing of STM and SE strains.