• Active commuting through natural environments is associated with better mental health: Results from the PHENOTYPE project.

      Zijlema, Wilma L; Avila-Palencia, Ione; Triguero-Mas, Margarita; Gidlow, Christopher; Maas, Jolanda; Kruize, Hanneke; Andrusaityte, Sandra; Grazuleviciene, Regina; Nieuwenhuijsen, Mark J (2018-12)
      Commuting routes with natural features could promote walking or cycling for commuting. Commuting through natural environments (NE) could have mental health benefits as exposure to NE can reduce stress and improve mental health, but there is little evidence. This study evaluates the association between NE and commuting, whether active or not, and the association between commuting (through NE), whether active or not, and mental health. We also evaluate the moderating effect of NE quality on the association between NE commuting and mental health.
    • Dog ownership, the natural outdoor environment and health: a cross-sectional study.

      Zijlema, Wilma L; Christian, Hayley; Triguero-Mas, Margarita; Cirach, Marta; van den Berg, Magdalena; Maas, Jolanda; Gidlow, Christopher J; Kruize, Hanneke; Wendel-Vos, Wanda; Andrušaitytė, Sandra; et al. (2019-05-27)
    • The Influence of Meteorological Factors and Atmospheric Pollutants on the Risk of Preterm Birth.

      Giorgis-Allemand, Lise; Pedersen, Marie; Bernard, Claire; Aguilera, Inmaculada; Beelen, Rob M J; Chatzi, Leda; Cirach, Marta; Danileviciute, Asta; Dedele, Audrius; van Eijsden, Manon; et al. (2017-02-15)
      Atmospheric pollutants and meteorological conditions are suspected to be causes of preterm birth. We aimed to characterize their possible association with the risk of preterm birth (defined as birth occurring before 37 completed gestational weeks). We pooled individual data from 13 birth cohorts in 11 European countries (71,493 births from the period 1994-2011, European Study of Cohorts for Air Pollution Effects (ESCAPE)). City-specific meteorological data from routine monitors were averaged over time windows spanning from 1 week to the whole pregnancy. Atmospheric pollution measurements (nitrogen oxides and particulate matter) were combined with data from permanent monitors and land-use data into seasonally adjusted land-use regression models. Preterm birth risks associated with air pollution and meteorological factors were estimated using adjusted discrete-time Cox models. The frequency of preterm birth was 5.0%. Preterm birth risk tended to increase with first-trimester average atmospheric pressure (odds ratio per 5-mbar increase = 1.06, 95% confidence interval: 1.01, 1.11), which could not be distinguished from altitude. There was also some evidence of an increase in preterm birth risk with first-trimester average temperature in the -5°C to 15°C range, with a plateau afterwards (spline coding, P = 0.08). No evidence of adverse association with atmospheric pollutants was observed. Our study lends support for an increase in preterm birth risk with atmospheric pressure.
    • Low Childhood Nature Exposure is Associated with Worse Mental Health in Adulthood.

      Preuß, Myriam; Nieuwenhuijsen, Mark; Marquez, Sandra; Cirach, Marta; Dadvand, Payam; Triguero-Mas, Margarita; Gidlow, Christopher; Grazuleviciene, Regina; Kruize, Hanneke; Zijlema, Wilma (2019-05-22)