• Monitoring quality and coverage of harm reduction services for people who use drugs: a consensus study.

      Wiessing, Lucas; Ferri, Marica; Běláčková, Vendula; Carrieri, Patrizia; Friedman, Samuel R; Folch, Cinta; Dolan, Kate; Galvin, Brian; Vickerman, Peter; Lazarus, Jeffrey V; Mravčík, Viktor; Kretzschmar, Mirjam; Sypsa, Vana; Sarasa-Renedo, Ana; Uusküla, Anneli; Paraskevis, Dimitrios; Mendão, Luis; Rossi, Diana; van Gelder, Nadine; Mitcheson, Luke; Paoli, Letizia; Gomez, Cristina Diaz; Milhet, Maitena; Dascalu, Nicoleta; Knight, Jonathan; Hay, Gordon; Kalamara, Eleni; Simon, Roland; Comiskey, Catherine; Rossi, Carla; Griffiths, Paul (2017-04-22)
      Despite advances in our knowledge of effective services for people who use drugs over the last decades globally, coverage remains poor in most countries, while quality is often unknown. This paper aims to discuss the historical development of successful epidemiological indicators and to present a framework for extending them with additional indicators of coverage and quality of harm reduction services, for monitoring and evaluation at international, national or subnational levels. The ultimate aim is to improve these services in order to reduce health and social problems among people who use drugs, such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, crime and legal problems, overdose (death) and other morbidity and mortality.