• Saliva cortisol in relation to aircraft noise exposure: pooled-analysis results from seven European countries.

      Baudin, Clémence; Lefèvre, Marie; Selander, Jenny; Babisch, Wolfgang; Cadum, Ennio; Carlier, Marie-Christine; Champelovier, Patricia; Dimakopoulou, Konstantina; Huithuijs, Danny; Lambert, Jacques; et al. (2019-11-27)
      Statistically significant increases of evening cortisol levels were shown in women with a 10-dB(A) increase in aircraft noise exposure in terms of LAeq, 16h (exp(β) = 1.08; CI95% = 1.00-1.16), Lden (exp(β) = 1.09; CI95% = 1.01-1.18), Lnight (exp(β) = 1.11; CI95% = 1.02-1.20). A statistically significant association was also found in women between a 10-dB(A) increase in terms of Lnight and the absolute variation per hour (exp(β) = 0.90; CI95% = 0.80-1.00). Statistically significant decreases in relative variation per hour were also evidenced in women, with stronger effects with the Lnight (exp(β) = 0.89; CI95% = 0.83-0.96) than with other noise indicators. The morning cortisol levels were unchanged whatever noise exposure indicator considered. There was no statistically significant association between aircraft noise exposure and cortisol outcomes in men.