• Sacral neuromodulation versus personalized conservative treatment in patients with idiopathic slow-transit constipation: study protocol of the No.2-trial, a multicenter open-label randomized controlled trial and cost-effectiveness analysis.

      Heemskerk, S C M; Rotteveel, A H; Benninga, M A; Baeten, C I M; Masclee, A A M; Melenhorst, J; van Kuijk, S M J; Dirksen, C D; Breukink, S O (2018-02-22)
      The evidence regarding the (cost-)effectiveness of sacral neuromodulation (SNM) in patients with therapy-resistant idiopathic slow-transit constipation is of suboptimal quality. The Dutch Ministry of Health, Welfare and Sports has granted conditional reimbursement for SNM treatment. The objective is to assess the effectiveness, cost-effectiveness, and budget impact of SNM compared to personalized conservative treatment (PCT) in patients with idiopathic slow-transit constipation refractory to conservative treatment.
    • Safe innovation approach: Towards an agile system for dealing with innovations

      Soeteman-Hernandez, LG; Apostolova, MD; Bekker, C; Dekkers, A; Grafstrom, RC; Handzhyski, Y; Herbeck-Engel, P; Hoehener, K; Oomen, A; Sips, AJAM; et al. (2019-07-22)
    • Safe-by-Design part I: Proposal for nanospecific human health safety aspects needed along the innovation process.

      Dekkers, S; Wijnhoven, SWP; Braakhuis, HM; Soeteman-Hernandez, LG; Sips, AJAM; Tavernaro, I; Kraegeloj, A; Noorlander, CW (2020-06-23)
    • Safety and immunogenicity of fractional dose intradermal injection of two quadrivalent conjugated meningococcal vaccines.

      Jonker, Emile F F; van Ravenhorst, Mariëtte B; Berbers, Guy A M; Visser, Leo G (2018-05-16)
      Vaccination with conjugated meningococcal vaccines is the best way to prevent invasive meningococcal disease. Changes in serogroup epidemiology have led to the inclusion of quadrivalent vaccines in the national immunization programs of several countries, but vaccines are frequently in short supply. Intradermal administration has the potential to increase vaccine availability through dose reduction, without sacrificing efficacy. It has never before been investigated for glycoconjugate meningococcal vaccines.
    • Safety and immunogenicity of the quadrivalent human papillomavirus vaccine in patients with childhood systemic lupus erythematosus: a real-world interventional multi-centre study.

      Rotstein Grein, Ingrid Herta; Pinto, Natalia Ferreira; Lobo, Aline; Groot, Noortje; Sztajnbok, Flavio; da Silva, Clóvis Artur Almeida; Paim Marques, Luciana B; Appenzeller, Simone; Islabão, Aline Garcia; Magalhães, Claudia Saad; et al. (2020-07-01)
    • Safety and immunogenicity of the quadrivalent human papillomavirus vaccine in patients with juvenile dermatomyositis: a real-world multicentre study.

      Grein, Ingrid Herta Rotstein; Pinto, Natalia Balera Ferreira; Groot, Noortje; Martins, Camila Bertini; Lobo, Aline; Aikawa, Nadia Emi; Barbosa, Cassia; Terreri, Maria Teresa; da Fraga, Aline Coelho Moreira; de Oliveira, Sheila Knupp Feitosa; et al. (2020-11-11)
    • Safety distances due to domino effects

      Laheij, GMH; Spoelstra, MB; Mahesh, S (2019-01-28)
    • Safety distances for hydrogen filling stations

      Matthijsen, A J C M; Kooi, E S (Elsevier, 2006-06-30)
      In the context of spatial planning the Dutch Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment asked the Centre for External Safety of the National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM) to advice on safe distances pertaining to hydrogen filling stations. The RIVM made use of failure modeling and parameters for calculating the distance in detail. An imaginary hydrogen filling station for cars is used in the determination of ‘external safety’ or third party distances for the installations and the pipe work for three different sizes of hydrogen filling stations. For several failure scenarios ‘effect’ distances are calculated for car filling at 350 and 700 bar. Safe distances of filling stations from locations where people live and work appear to be similar for compressed hydrogen, gasoline/petrol and compressed natural gas. Safe distances for LPG are greater. A filling unit for hydrogen can be placed at gasoline/petrol-filling stations without increasing safety distances
    • Safety evaluation of the food enzyme alpha-amylase from a genetically modified Bacillus subtilis (strain NBA).

      Silano, V; Barat Baviera, JM; Bolognesi, C; Bruschweiler, BJ; Cocconcelli, PS; Crebelli, R; Gott, DM; van Loveren, H (2019-12-12)
    • The safety of dental amalgam and alternative dental restoration materials for patients and users.

      Rodríguez-Farre, Eduardo; Testai, Emanuela; Bruzell, Ellen; De Jong, Wim; Schmalz, Gottfried; Thomsen, Mogens; Hensten, Arne (2016-08)
    • The safety of medical devices containing DEHP plasticized PVC or other plasticizers on neonates and other groups possibly at risk (2015 update).

      Testai, Emanuela; Hartemann, Philippe; Rastogi, Suresh Chandra; Bernauer, Ulrike; Piersma, Aldert; De Jong, Wim; Gulliksson, Hans; Sharpe, Richard; Schubert, Dirk; Rodríguez-Farre, Eduardo (2016-04)
    • The safety of the use of bisphenol A in medical devices.

      Testai, Emanuela; Hartemann, Philippe; Rodríguez-Farre, Eduardo; Rastogi, Suresh Chandra; Bustos, Juana; Gundert-Remy, Ursula; Hensten, Arne; Kopperud, Hilde Molvig; Olea, Nicolás; Piersma, Aldert; et al. (2016-08)
    • Safety risks among frail older people living at home in the Netherlands - A cross-sectional study in a routine primary care sample.

      Lette, Manon; Stoop, Annerieke; Nijpels, Giel; Baan, Caroline; de Bruin, Simone; van Hout, Hein (2020-11-17)
    • Saliva cortisol in relation to aircraft noise exposure: pooled-analysis results from seven European countries.

      Baudin, Clémence; Lefèvre, Marie; Selander, Jenny; Babisch, Wolfgang; Cadum, Ennio; Carlier, Marie-Christine; Champelovier, Patricia; Dimakopoulou, Konstantina; Huithuijs, Danny; Lambert, Jacques; et al. (2019-11-27)
      Statistically significant increases of evening cortisol levels were shown in women with a 10-dB(A) increase in aircraft noise exposure in terms of LAeq, 16h (exp(β) = 1.08; CI95% = 1.00-1.16), Lden (exp(β) = 1.09; CI95% = 1.01-1.18), Lnight (exp(β) = 1.11; CI95% = 1.02-1.20). A statistically significant association was also found in women between a 10-dB(A) increase in terms of Lnight and the absolute variation per hour (exp(β) = 0.90; CI95% = 0.80-1.00). Statistically significant decreases in relative variation per hour were also evidenced in women, with stronger effects with the Lnight (exp(β) = 0.89; CI95% = 0.83-0.96) than with other noise indicators. The morning cortisol levels were unchanged whatever noise exposure indicator considered. There was no statistically significant association between aircraft noise exposure and cortisol outcomes in men.
    • Salmonella enterica Prophage Sequence Profiles Reflect Genome Diversity and Can Be Used for High Discrimination Subtyping.

      Mottawea, Walid; Duceppe, Marc-Olivier; Dupras, Andrée A; Usongo, Valentine; Jeukens, Julie; Freschi, Luca; Emond-Rheault, Jean-Guillaume; Hamel, Jeremie; Kukavica-Ibrulj, Irena; Boyle, Brian; et al. (2018)
      Non-typhoidal Salmonella is a leading cause of foodborne illness worldwide. Prompt and accurate identification of the sources of Salmonella responsible for disease outbreaks is crucial to minimize infections and eliminate ongoing sources of contamination. Current subtyping tools including single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) typing may be inadequate, in some instances, to provide the required discrimination among epidemiologically unrelated Salmonella strains. Prophage genes represent the majority of the accessory genes in bacteria genomes and have potential to be used as high discrimination markers in Salmonella. In this study, the prophage sequence diversity in different Salmonella serovars and genetically related strains was investigated. Using whole genome sequences of 1,760 isolates of S. enterica representing 151 Salmonella serovars and 66 closely related bacteria, prophage sequences were identified from assembled contigs using PHASTER. We detected 154 different prophages in S. enterica genomes. Prophage sequences were highly variable among S. enterica serovars with a median ± interquartile range (IQR) of 5 ± 3 prophage regions per genome. While some prophage sequences were highly conserved among the strains of specific serovars, few regions were lineage specific. Therefore, strains belonging to each serovar could be clustered separately based on their prophage content. Analysis of S. Enteritidis isolates from seven outbreaks generated distinct prophage profiles for each outbreak. Taken altogether, the diversity of the prophage sequences correlates with genome diversity. Prophage repertoires provide an additional marker for differentiating S. enterica subtypes during foodborne outbreaks.
    • Salmonella in Nederland in 2017

      Pelt W van; Voort M van der; Mangen MJ; Veldman K; Wit B; Franz E; Heck M; Pijnacker R; Friesema I; Mughini Gras L (2018-07)
    • A salt reduction of 50% in bread does not decrease bread consumption or increase sodium intake by the choice of sandwich fillings.

      Bolhuis, Dieuwerke P; Temme, Elisabeth H M; Koeman, Fari T; Noort, Martijn W J; Kremer, Stefanie; Janssen, Anke M (2011-12-01)
      Bread is a major contributor to sodium intake in many countries. Reducing the salt (NaCl) content in bread might be an effective way to reduce overall sodium intake. The objectives of this study were to examine the effects of gradually lowering the salt content in brown bread, with and without flavor compensation (KCl and yeast extract), on bread consumption and sodium intake compensation by choice of sandwich fillings. A total of 116 participants (age: 21 ± 3 y; BMI: 22 ± 2 kg/m²) consumed a buffet-style breakfast on weekdays for 4 wk. Participants received either regular bread (control group: n = 39), bread whose salt content was gradually lowered each week by 0, 31, 52, and 67% (reduced group: n = 38), or bread whose salt content was also gradually lowered each week but which was also flavor compensated (compensated group: n = 39). A reduction of up to 52% of salt in bread did not lead to lower consumption of bread compared to the control (P = 0.57), whereas less bread was consumed when salt was reduced by 67% (P = 0.006). When bread was flavor compensated, however, a reduction of 67% did not lead to lower consumption (P = 0.69). Salt reduction in bread (with and without flavor compensation) did not induce sodium intake compensation (P = 0.31). In conclusion, a salt reduction of up to 52% in bread or even up to 67% in flavor-compensated bread neither affected bread consumption nor choice of sandwich fillings.
    • Salt Reductions in Some Foods in The Netherlands: Monitoring of Food Composition and Salt Intake.

      Temme, Elisabeth H M; Hendriksen, Marieke A H; Milder, Ivon E J; Toxopeus, Ido B; Westenbrink, Susanne; Brants, Henny A M; van der A, Daphne L (2017-07-22)
      High salt intake increases blood pressure and thereby the risk of chronic diseases. Food reformulation (or food product improvement) may lower the dietary intake of salt. This study describes the changes in salt contents of foods in the Dutch market over a five-year period (2011-2016) and differences in estimated salt intake over a 10-year period (2006-2015).