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dc.contributor.authorClark, Charlotte
dc.contributor.authorMartin, Rocio
dc.contributor.authorKempen, Elise van
dc.contributor.authorAlfred, Tamuno
dc.contributor.authorHead, Jenny
dc.contributor.authorDavies, Hugh W
dc.contributor.authorHaines, Mary M
dc.contributor.authorLopez Barrio, Isabel
dc.contributor.authorMatheson, Mark
dc.contributor.authorStansfeld, Stephen A
dc.date.accessioned2006-10-06T08:41:52Z
dc.date.available2006-10-06T08:41:52Z
dc.date.issued2006-01-01
dc.identifier.citationAm. J. Epidemiol. 2006, 163(1):27-37en
dc.identifier.issn0002-9262
dc.identifier.pmid16306314
dc.identifier.doi10.1093/aje/kwj001
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10029/4907
dc.description.abstractTransport noise is an increasingly prominent feature of the urban environment, making noise pollution an important environmental public health issue. This paper reports on the 2001-2003 RANCH project, the first cross-national epidemiologic study known to examine exposure-effect relations between aircraft and road traffic noise exposure and reading comprehension. Participants were 2,010 children aged 9-10 years from 89 schools around Amsterdam Schiphol, Madrid Barajas, and London Heathrow airports. Data from The Netherlands, Spain, and the United Kingdom were pooled and analyzed using multilevel modeling. Aircraft noise exposure at school was linearly associated with impaired reading comprehension; the association was maintained after adjustment for socioeconomic variables (beta = -0.008, p = 0.012), aircraft noise annoyance, and other cognitive abilities (episodic memory, working memory, and sustained attention). Aircraft noise exposure at home was highly correlated with aircraft noise exposure at school and demonstrated a similar linear association with impaired reading comprehension. Road traffic noise exposure at school was not associated with reading comprehension in either the absence or the presence of aircraft noise (beta = 0.003, p = 0.509; beta = 0.002, p = 0.540, respectively). Findings were consistent across the three countries, which varied with respect to a range of socioeconomic and environmental variables, thus offering robust evidence of a direct exposure-effect relation between aircraft noise and reading comprehension.
dc.format.extent126320 bytes
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoenen
dc.titleExposure-effect relations between aircraft and road traffic noise exposure at school and reading comprehension: the RANCH project.en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.format.digYES
refterms.dateFOA2018-12-18T13:39:54Z
html.description.abstractTransport noise is an increasingly prominent feature of the urban environment, making noise pollution an important environmental public health issue. This paper reports on the 2001-2003 RANCH project, the first cross-national epidemiologic study known to examine exposure-effect relations between aircraft and road traffic noise exposure and reading comprehension. Participants were 2,010 children aged 9-10 years from 89 schools around Amsterdam Schiphol, Madrid Barajas, and London Heathrow airports. Data from The Netherlands, Spain, and the United Kingdom were pooled and analyzed using multilevel modeling. Aircraft noise exposure at school was linearly associated with impaired reading comprehension; the association was maintained after adjustment for socioeconomic variables (beta = -0.008, p = 0.012), aircraft noise annoyance, and other cognitive abilities (episodic memory, working memory, and sustained attention). Aircraft noise exposure at home was highly correlated with aircraft noise exposure at school and demonstrated a similar linear association with impaired reading comprehension. Road traffic noise exposure at school was not associated with reading comprehension in either the absence or the presence of aircraft noise (beta = 0.003, p = 0.509; beta = 0.002, p = 0.540, respectively). Findings were consistent across the three countries, which varied with respect to a range of socioeconomic and environmental variables, thus offering robust evidence of a direct exposure-effect relation between aircraft noise and reading comprehension.


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