Modeling predicted that tobacco control policies targeted at lower educated will reduce the differences in life expectancy.
Cast your vote
You can rate an item by clicking the amount of stars they wish to award to this item.
When enough users have cast their vote on this item, the average rating will also be shown.
Your vote was cast
Thank you for your feedback
Thank you for your feedback
AuthorsBemelmans, W J E
Lenthe, Frank J van
Deeg, D J H
Brandt, P A van den
Goldbohm, R A
Verschuren, W M Monique
MetadataShow full item record
TitleModeling predicted that tobacco control policies targeted at lower educated will reduce the differences in life expectancy.
PubliekssamenvattingBACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To estimate the effects of reducing the prevalence of smoking in lower educated groups on educational differences in life expectancy. METHODS: A dynamic Markov-type multistate transition model estimated the effects on life expectancy of two scenarios. A "maximum scenario" where educational differences in prevalence of smoking disappear immediately, and a "policy target-scenario" where difference in prevalence of smoking is halved over a 20-year period. The two scenarios were compared to a reference scenario, where smoking prevalences do not change. Five Dutch cohort studies, involving over 67,000 participants aged 20 to 90 years, provided relative mortality risks by educational level, and smoking habits were assessed using national data of more than 120,000 persons. RESULTS: In the reference scenario, the difference in life expectancy at age 40 between highest and lowest educated groups was 5.1 years for men and 2.7 years for women. In the "maximum scenario" these differences were reduced to 3.6 years for men and 1.7 years for women (reduction approximately 30%), and in the "policy target-scenario" differences were 4.7 years for men and 2.4 years for women (reduction approximately 10%). CONCLUSION: Theoretically, educational differences in life expectancy would be reduced by 30% at maximum, if variations in smoking prevalence were eliminated completely. In practice, tobacco control policies that are targeted at the lower educated may reduce the differences in life expectancy by approximately 10%.
- Educational inequalities in smoking among men and women aged 16 years and older in 11 European countries.
- Authors: Huisman M, Kunst AE, Mackenbach JP
- Issue date: 2005 Apr
- Inequalities in lung cancer mortality by the educational level in 10 European populations.
- Authors: Mackenbach JP, Huisman M, Andersen O, Bopp M, Borgan JK, Borrell C, Costa G, Deboosere P, Donkin A, Gadeyne S, Minder C, Regidor E, Spadea T, Valkonen T, Kunst AE
- Issue date: 2004 Jan
- Total and occupationally active life expectancies in relation to social class and marital status in men classified as healthy at 20 in Finland.
- Authors: Kaprio J, Sarna S, Fogelholm M, Koskenvuo M
- Issue date: 1996 Dec
- Effect of nationwide tobacco control policies on smoking cessation in high and low educated groups in 18 European countries.
- Authors: Schaap MM, Kunst AE, Leinsalu M, Regidor E, Ekholm O, Dzurova D, Helmert U, Klumbiene J, Santana P, Mackenbach JP
- Issue date: 2008 Aug
- Disability life expectancy for the elderly, city of Sao Paulo, Brazil, 2000: gender and educational differences.
- Authors: Camargos MC, Machado CJ, do Nascimento Rodrigues R
- Issue date: 2007 May