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dc.contributor.authorde Wit-Bos L
dc.contributor.authorKooi MW
dc.contributor.authorBourgeois FC
dc.contributor.authorvan Gorcum TF
dc.date.accessioned2017-02-20T06:55:49
dc.date.issued2015-02-17
dc.identifier2014-0025
dc.descriptionAlleen digitaal verschenen<br>en
dc.description.abstractCosmetics are in principle safe to use. In some cases however, cosmetic products may lead to undesirable reactions, such as itching and erythema. RIVM has set up a monitoring system in which undesirable reactions as well as other allergic reactions caused by cosmetics can be registered (CESES, Consumer Exposure Skin Effects and Surveillance). In 2014, this system existed five years. This report provides an overview of the information gathered within CESES. In this period, 2283 consumer reports and 450 reports of dermatologists of undesirable reactions were received. Such reactions are mainly reported to occur on the face and hands after using skin products, especially facial care products, hair products and make-up. Symptoms are primarily erythema, itching and scaling and a burning sensation. More severe reactions, including hair loss and breathing problems, appear in some cases, mainly in case of an allergic reaction to hair products. Isothiazolinones, a preservative in cosmetics, and fragrances are the cosmetic ingredients relatively most responsible for allergic reactions. As such, the European Commission is working on a prohibition of the use of methylisothiazolinone in leave-on cosmetics, such as cream and body lotion. For the use in rinse-off products, such as shower gel, the maximum permitted concentration will most likely be lowered. In addition, the UV filter octocrylene, used in for example sunscreens, receives a lot of attention. The European Commission asked the EU member states to provide data to help identify clear trends in increase of allergy to octocrylene. The goal of CESES is to monitor undesirable reactions attributable to cosmetics and cosmetic ingredients to assess whether current EU legislation on cosmetics provides adequate consumer protection. Consumers can report allergic reactions on the website www.cosmeticaklachten.nl. In addition, participating dermatologists report cases of contact dermatitis to the system when cosmetics are expected to be the cause. Dermatologists also carried out patch tests and, where necessary, tests with specific batch ingredients of the associated cosmetic product.
dc.description.sponsorshipNederlandse Voedsel en Warenautoriteit
dc.formatapplication/pdf
dc.format.extent60 p
dc.format.extent428 kb
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherRijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu RIVM
dc.relation.ispartofseriesRIVM letter report 2014-0025
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.rivm.nl/bibliotheek/rapporten/2014-0025.html
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.rivm.nl/bibliotheek/rapporten/2014-0025.pdf
dc.titleCosmetovigilance in The Netherlands : Overview of the period 2009-2014en
dc.title.alternativeHuidklachten door cosmetische producten : Overzicht van de jaren 2009-2014nl
dc.typeBriefrapport
dc.contributor.departmentVVH
dc.date.updated2017-02-20T05:55:50Z
dc.contributor.divisionV&Z
refterms.dateFOA2018-12-13T11:22:26Z
html.description.abstractCosmetica zijn in principe veilig, maar kunnen soms huidklachten veroorzaken, zoals roodheid en jeuk. Het RIVM beheert een systeem waarin deze klachten en andere overgevoeligheidsreacties na gebruik van cosmetica kunnen worden geregistreerd (CESES, Consumer Exposure Skin Effects and Surveillance). In 2014 bestond dit systeem vijf jaar. Dit rapport geeft een overzicht van de informatie die met behulp van CESES is vergaard.<br> <br>In deze periode zijn 2283 klachten door consumenten gemeld en 450 gevallen van allergische reacties op cosmetica door dermatologen. Er worden vooral klachten op het gezicht en op de handen gemeld na gebruik van huidverzorgingsproducten voor het gezicht, haarproducten en make-up. Symptomen bij deze klachten zijn voornamelijk roodheid, jeuk en een schilferige, schrale huid. In sommige gevallen treden ernstigere klachten op, zoals haaruitval en ademhalingsmoeilijkheden. Dit gebeurt vooral bij een allergische reactie op haarproducten.<br> <br>Ingrediënten in cosmetica die het vaakst allergische reacties veroorzaken zijn isothiazolinonen, een groep conserveringsmiddelen, en geurstoffen. De Europese Commissie bereidt daarom een verbod voor op het gebruik van methylisothiazolinon in cosmetica die op de huid blijft zitten (leave on), zoals crème en bodylotion. Voor producten die worden afgespoeld (rinse off), zoals douchegel, gaan waarschijnlijk lagere maximale concentraties gelden. Ook het UV-filter octocryleen, dat bijvoorbeeld in zonnebrandcrème zit, heeft momenteel de aandacht. De Europese Commissie heeft de lidstaten gevraagd om meer informatie te verzamelen over allergische reacties op octocryleen, zodat een eventuele toename ervan zichtbaar kan worden gemaakt.<br> <br>CESES wordt gebruikt om na te gaan of Europese wetgeving en handhaving de consument voldoende beschermt. Ook kunnen er risico's voor werknemers mee worden geïdentificeerd. Consumenten kunnen zelf hun klacht melden via de website www.cosmeticaklachten.nl. Daarnaast registreren deelnemende dermatologen huidklachten van patiënten waarbij cosmetica de mogelijke oorzaak zijn. Bij deze patiënten wordt vervolgens een allergieonderzoek uitgevoerd om vast te stellen welk productingrediënt de klacht veroorzaakt.<br>
html.description.abstractCosmetics are in principle safe to use. In some cases however, cosmetic products may lead to undesirable reactions, such as itching and erythema. RIVM has set up a monitoring system in which undesirable reactions as well as other allergic reactions caused by cosmetics can be registered (CESES, Consumer Exposure Skin Effects and Surveillance). In 2014, this system existed five years. This report provides an overview of the information gathered within CESES.<br> <br>In this period, 2283 consumer reports and 450 reports of dermatologists of undesirable reactions were received. Such reactions are mainly reported to occur on the face and hands after using skin products, especially facial care products, hair products and make-up. Symptoms are primarily erythema, itching and scaling and a burning sensation. More severe reactions, including hair loss and breathing problems, appear in some cases, mainly in case of an allergic reaction to hair products.<br> <br>Isothiazolinones, a preservative in cosmetics, and fragrances are the cosmetic ingredients relatively most responsible for allergic reactions. As such, the European Commission is working on a prohibition of the use of methylisothiazolinone in leave-on cosmetics, such as cream and body lotion. For the use in rinse-off products, such as shower gel, the maximum permitted concentration will most likely be lowered. In addition, the UV filter octocrylene, used in for example sunscreens, receives a lot of attention. The European Commission asked the EU member states to provide data to help identify clear trends in increase of allergy to octocrylene.<br> <br>The goal of CESES is to monitor undesirable reactions attributable to cosmetics and cosmetic ingredients to assess whether current EU legislation on cosmetics provides adequate consumer protection. Consumers can report allergic reactions on the website www.cosmeticaklachten.nl. In addition, participating dermatologists report cases of contact dermatitis to the system when cosmetics are expected to be the cause. Dermatologists also carried out patch tests and, where necessary, tests with specific batch ingredients of the associated cosmetic product.<br>


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