Intake of Fat-Soluble Vitamins in the Belgian Population: Adequacy and Contribution of Foods, Fortified Foods and Supplements.
Cast your vote
You can rate an item by clicking the amount of stars they wish to award to this item.
When enough users have cast their vote on this item, the average rating will also be shown.
Your vote was cast
Thank you for your feedback
Thank you for your feedback
de Ridder, Karin
van Camp, John
van Oyen, Herman
MetadataShow full item record
TitleIntake of Fat-Soluble Vitamins in the Belgian Population: Adequacy and Contribution of Foods, Fortified Foods and Supplements.
Published inNutrients 2017, 9(8):e860
PubliekssamenvattingA key challenge of public health nutrition is to provide the majority of the population with a sufficient level of micronutrients while preventing high-consumers from exceeding the tolerable upper intake level. Data of the 2014 Belgian food consumption survey (n = 3200) were used to assess fat-soluble vitamin (vitamins A, D, E and K) intake from the consumption of foods, fortified foods and supplements. This study revealed inadequate intakes for vitamin A, from all sources, in the entire Belgian population and possible inadequacies for vitamin D. The prevalence of inadequate intake of vitamin A was lowest in children aged 3-6 (6-7%) and highest in adolescents (girls, 26%; boys, 34-37%). Except for women aged 60-64 years, more than 95% of the subjects had vitamin D intake from all sources below the adequate intake (AI) of 15 μg/day. The risk for inadequate intake of vitamins K and E was low (median > AI). Belgian fortification and supplementation practices are currently inadequate to eradicate suboptimal intakes of vitamins A and D, but increase median vitamin E intake close to the adequate intake. For vitamin A, a small proportion (1-4%) of young children were at risk of exceeding the upper intake level (UL), while for vitamin D, inclusion of supplements slightly increased the risk for excessive intakes (% > UL) in adult women and young children. The results may guide health authorities when developing population health interventions and regulations to ensure adequate intake of fat-soluble vitamins in Belgium.
- Do Current Fortification and Supplementation Programs Assure Adequate Intake of Fat-Soluble Vitamins in Belgian Infants, Toddlers, Pregnant Women, and Lactating Women?
- Authors: Moyersoen I, Lachat C, Cuypers K, Ridder K, Devleesschauwer B, Tafforeau J, Vandevijvere S, Vansteenland M, De Meulenaer B, Van Camp J, Van Oyen H
- Issue date: 2018 Feb 16
- The role of fortified foods and nutritional supplements in increasing vitamin D intake in Irish preschool children.
- Authors: Hennessy Á, Browne F, Kiely M, Walton J, Flynn A
- Issue date: 2017 Apr
- Fat-soluble vitamin intake from the consumption of food, fortified food and supplements: design and methods of the Belgian VITADEK study.
- Authors: Moyersoen I, Demarest S, De Ridder K, Tafforeau J, Lachat C, Van Camp J
- Issue date: 2017
- The North/South Ireland Food Consumption Survey: vitamin intakes in 18-64-year-old adults.
- Authors: O'Brien MM, Kiely M, Harrington KE, Robson PJ, Strain JJ, Flynn A
- Issue date: 2001 Oct
- Vitamins and minerals: a model for safe addition to foods.
- Authors: Flynn A, Moreiras O, Stehle P, Fletcher RJ, Müller DJ, Rolland V
- Issue date: 2003 Apr