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dc.contributor.authorJanse, Ingmar
dc.contributor.authorMaas, Miriam
dc.contributor.authorRijks, Jolianne M
dc.contributor.authorKoene, Miriam
dc.contributor.authorvan der Plaats, Rozemarijn Qj
dc.contributor.authorEngelsma, Marc
dc.contributor.authorvan der Tas, Peter
dc.contributor.authorBraks, Marieta
dc.contributor.authorStroo, Arjan
dc.contributor.authorNotermans, Daan W
dc.contributor.authorde Vries, Maaike C
dc.contributor.authorReubsaet, Frans
dc.contributor.authorFanoy, Ewout
dc.contributor.authorSwaan, Corien
dc.contributor.authorKik, Marja Jl
dc.contributor.authorIJzer, Jooske
dc.contributor.authorJaarsma, Ryanne I
dc.contributor.authorvan Wieren, Sip
dc.contributor.authorde Roda-Husman, Ana Maria
dc.contributor.authorvan Passel, Mark
dc.contributor.authorRoest, Hendrik-Jan
dc.contributor.authorvan der Giessen, Joke
dc.date.accessioned2018-01-09T13:49:55Z
dc.date.available2018-01-09T13:49:55Z
dc.date.issued2017-08-31
dc.identifier.citationEnvironmental surveillance during an outbreak of tularaemia in hares, the Netherlands, 2015. 2017, 22 (35) Euro Surveill.en
dc.identifier.issn1560-7917
dc.identifier.pmid28877846
dc.identifier.doi10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2017.22.35.30607
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10029/621098
dc.description.abstractTularaemia, a disease caused by the bacterium Francisella tularensis, is a re-emerging zoonosis in the Netherlands. After sporadic human and hare cases occurred in the period 2011 to 2014, a cluster of F. tularensis-infected hares was recognised in a region in the north of the Netherlands from February to May 2015. No human cases were identified, including after active case finding. Presence of F. tularensis was investigated in potential reservoirs and transmission routes, including common voles, arthropod vectors and surface waters. F. tularensis was not detected in common voles, mosquito larvae or adults, tabanids or ticks. However, the bacterium was detected in water and sediment samples collected in a limited geographical area where infected hares had also been found. These results demonstrate that water monitoring could provide valuable information regarding F. tularensis spread and persistence, and should be used in addition to disease surveillance in wildlife.
dc.language.isoenen
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Euro surveillance : bulletin Europeen sur les maladies transmissibles = European communicable disease bulletinen
dc.titleEnvironmental surveillance during an outbreak of tularaemia in hares, the Netherlands, 2015.en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalEuro Surveill 2017, 22(35): pii:30607en
html.description.abstractTularaemia, a disease caused by the bacterium Francisella tularensis, is a re-emerging zoonosis in the Netherlands. After sporadic human and hare cases occurred in the period 2011 to 2014, a cluster of F. tularensis-infected hares was recognised in a region in the north of the Netherlands from February to May 2015. No human cases were identified, including after active case finding. Presence of F. tularensis was investigated in potential reservoirs and transmission routes, including common voles, arthropod vectors and surface waters. F. tularensis was not detected in common voles, mosquito larvae or adults, tabanids or ticks. However, the bacterium was detected in water and sediment samples collected in a limited geographical area where infected hares had also been found. These results demonstrate that water monitoring could provide valuable information regarding F. tularensis spread and persistence, and should be used in addition to disease surveillance in wildlife.


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