Climate and air pollution impacts on habitat suitability of Austrian forest ecosystems.
Cast your vote
You can rate an item by clicking the amount of stars they wish to award to this item.
When enough users have cast their vote on this item, the average rating will also be shown.
Your vote was cast
Thank you for your feedback
Thank you for your feedback
Mol-Dijkstra, Janet P
Reinds, Gert Jan
Wamelink, Wieger G W
MetadataShow full item record
TitleClimate and air pollution impacts on habitat suitability of Austrian forest ecosystems.
Published inPLoS One 2017, 12(9):e0184194
PubliekssamenvattingClimate change and excess deposition of airborne nitrogen (N) are among the main stressors to floristic biodiversity. One particular concern is the deterioration of valuable habitats such as those protected under the European Habitat Directive. In future, climate-driven shifts (and losses) in the species potential distribution, but also N driven nutrient enrichment may threaten these habitats. We applied a dynamic geochemical soil model (VSD+) together with a novel niche-based plant response model (PROPS) to 5 forest habitat types (18 forest sites) protected under the EU Directive in Austria. We assessed how future climate change and N deposition might affect habitat suitability, defined as the capacity of a site to host its typical plant species. Our evaluation indicates that climate change will be the main driver of a decrease in habitat suitability in the future in Austria. The expected climate change will increase the occurrence of thermophilic plant species while decreasing cold-tolerant species. In addition to these direct impacts, climate change scenarios caused an increase of the occurrence probability of oligotrophic species due to a higher N immobilisation in woody biomass leading to soil N depletion. As a consequence, climate change did offset eutrophication from N deposition, even when no further reduction in N emissions was assumed. Our results show that climate change may have positive side-effects in forest habitats when multiple drivers of change are considered.
- Feasibility of coupled empirical and dynamic modeling to assess climate change and air pollution impacts on temperate forest vegetation of the eastern United States.
- Authors: McDonnell TC, Reinds GJ, Sullivan TJ, Clark CM, Bonten LTC, Mol-Dijkstra JP, Wamelink GWW, Dovciak M
- Issue date: 2018 Mar
- Threshold effects of air pollution and climate change on understory plant communities at forested sites in the eastern United States.
- Authors: McDonnell TC, Reinds GJ, Wamelink GWW, Goedhart PW, Posch M, Sullivan TJ, Clark CM
- Issue date: 2020 Jul
- Vegetation dynamics associated with changes in atmospheric nitrogen deposition and climate in hardwood forests of Shenandoah and Great Smoky Mountains National Parks, USA.
- Authors: McDonnell TC, Belyazid S, Sullivan TJ, Bell M, Clark C, Blett T, Evans T, Cass W, Hyduke A, Sverdrup H
- Issue date: 2018 Jun
- Global topics and novel approaches in the study of air pollution, climate change and forest ecosystems.
- Authors: Sicard P, Augustaitis A, Belyazid S, Calfapietra C, de Marco A, Fenn M, Bytnerowicz A, Grulke N, He S, Matyssek R, Serengil Y, Wieser G, Paoletti E
- Issue date: 2016 Jun
- Decreased atmospheric nitrogen deposition in eastern North America: Predicted responses of forest ecosystems.
- Authors: Gilliam FS, Burns DA, Driscoll CT, Frey SD, Lovett GM, Watmough SA
- Issue date: 2019 Jan