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dc.contributor.authorDirnböck, Thomas
dc.contributor.authorDjukic, Ika
dc.contributor.authorKitzler, Barbara
dc.contributor.authorKobler, Johannes
dc.contributor.authorMol-Dijkstra, Janet P
dc.contributor.authorPosch, Max
dc.contributor.authorReinds, Gert Jan
dc.contributor.authorSchlutow, Angela
dc.contributor.authorStarlinger, Franz
dc.contributor.authorWamelink, Wieger G W
dc.date.accessioned2018-01-10T07:29:30Z
dc.date.available2018-01-10T07:29:30Z
dc.date.issued2017
dc.identifier.citationClimate and air pollution impacts on habitat suitability of Austrian forest ecosystems. 2017, 12 (9):e0184194 PLoS ONEen
dc.identifier.issn1932-6203
dc.identifier.pmid28898262
dc.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pone.0184194
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10029/621108
dc.description.abstractClimate change and excess deposition of airborne nitrogen (N) are among the main stressors to floristic biodiversity. One particular concern is the deterioration of valuable habitats such as those protected under the European Habitat Directive. In future, climate-driven shifts (and losses) in the species potential distribution, but also N driven nutrient enrichment may threaten these habitats. We applied a dynamic geochemical soil model (VSD+) together with a novel niche-based plant response model (PROPS) to 5 forest habitat types (18 forest sites) protected under the EU Directive in Austria. We assessed how future climate change and N deposition might affect habitat suitability, defined as the capacity of a site to host its typical plant species. Our evaluation indicates that climate change will be the main driver of a decrease in habitat suitability in the future in Austria. The expected climate change will increase the occurrence of thermophilic plant species while decreasing cold-tolerant species. In addition to these direct impacts, climate change scenarios caused an increase of the occurrence probability of oligotrophic species due to a higher N immobilisation in woody biomass leading to soil N depletion. As a consequence, climate change did offset eutrophication from N deposition, even when no further reduction in N emissions was assumed. Our results show that climate change may have positive side-effects in forest habitats when multiple drivers of change are considered.
dc.language.isoenen
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to PloS oneen
dc.subject.meshAir Pollution
dc.subject.meshAustria
dc.subject.meshCarbon
dc.subject.meshClimate
dc.subject.meshConservation of Natural Resources
dc.subject.meshEcosystem
dc.subject.meshForests
dc.subject.meshModels, Theoretical
dc.subject.meshNitrogen
dc.subject.meshPlants
dc.subject.meshSoil
dc.titleClimate and air pollution impacts on habitat suitability of Austrian forest ecosystems.en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalPLoS One 2017, 12(9):e0184194en
html.description.abstractClimate change and excess deposition of airborne nitrogen (N) are among the main stressors to floristic biodiversity. One particular concern is the deterioration of valuable habitats such as those protected under the European Habitat Directive. In future, climate-driven shifts (and losses) in the species potential distribution, but also N driven nutrient enrichment may threaten these habitats. We applied a dynamic geochemical soil model (VSD+) together with a novel niche-based plant response model (PROPS) to 5 forest habitat types (18 forest sites) protected under the EU Directive in Austria. We assessed how future climate change and N deposition might affect habitat suitability, defined as the capacity of a site to host its typical plant species. Our evaluation indicates that climate change will be the main driver of a decrease in habitat suitability in the future in Austria. The expected climate change will increase the occurrence of thermophilic plant species while decreasing cold-tolerant species. In addition to these direct impacts, climate change scenarios caused an increase of the occurrence probability of oligotrophic species due to a higher N immobilisation in woody biomass leading to soil N depletion. As a consequence, climate change did offset eutrophication from N deposition, even when no further reduction in N emissions was assumed. Our results show that climate change may have positive side-effects in forest habitats when multiple drivers of change are considered.


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