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dc.contributor.authorVersluis, Dennis
dc.contributor.authorde J Bello González, Teresita
dc.contributor.authorZoetendal, Erwin G
dc.contributor.authorPassel, Mark W J van
dc.contributor.authorSmidt, Hauke
dc.date.accessioned2019-02-19T07:44:33Z
dc.date.available2019-02-19T07:44:33Z
dc.date.issued2019-01-01
dc.identifier.issn1932-6203
dc.identifier.pmid30653573
dc.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pone.0210970
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10029/622797
dc.description.abstractThe emergence of bacterial pathogens that are resistant to clinical antibiotics poses an increasing risk to human health. An important reservoir from which bacterial pathogens can acquire resistance is the human gut microbiota. However, thus far, a substantial fraction of the gut microbiota remains uncultivated and has been little-studied with respect to its resistance reservoir-function. Here, we aimed to isolate yet uncultivated resistant gut bacteria by a targeted approach. Therefore, faecal samples from 20 intensive care patients who had received the prophylactic antibiotic treatment selective digestive decontamination (SDD), i.e. tobramycin, polymyxin E, amphotericin B and cefotaxime, were inoculated anaerobically on porous aluminium oxide chips placed on top of poor and rich agar media, including media supplemented with the SDD antibiotics. Biomass growing on the chips was analysed by 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing, showing large inter-individual differences in bacterial cultivability, and enrichment of a range of taxonomically diverse operational taxonomic units (OTUs). Furthermore, growth of Ruminococcaceae (2 OTUs), Enterobacteriaceae (6 OTUs) and Lachnospiraceae (4 OTUs) was significantly inhibited by the SDD antibiotics. Strains belonging to 16 OTUs were candidates for cultivation to pure culture as they shared ≤95% sequence identity with the closest type strain and had a relative abundance of ≥2%. Six of these OTUs were detected on media containing SDD antibiotics, and as such were prime candidates to be studied regarding antibiotic resistance. One of these six OTUs was obtained in pure culture using targeted isolation. This novel strain was resistant to the antibiotics metrodinazole and imipenem. It was initially classified as member of the Ruminococcaceae, though later it was found to share 99% nucleotide identity with the recently published Sellimonas intestinalis BR72T. In conclusion, we show that high-throughput cultivation-based screening of microbial communities can guide targeted isolation of bacteria that serve as reservoirs of antibiotic resistance.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleHigh throughput cultivation-based screening on porous aluminum oxide chips allows targeted isolation of antibiotic resistant human gut bacteria.en_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.journalPlos One 2019; 14(1):e0210970en_US
dc.source.journaltitlePloS one


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